Urinalysis Test Chap 7

10 terms by chabner 

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color

normal is amber-abnormal red

appearance

s/b clear-cloudy or turbid indicates pus and bacteria

pH

normal is 6.5-slightly acidic

protein

s/b none-if albumin is detected could mean leak in glomerular membrane

glucose

s/b no sugar-most cases it indicates diabetes mellitus

specific gravity

the amount of wastes, minerals, and solids in the urine

ketone bodies

accumulate in urine and blood when body breaks down fat instead of sugar for fuel-dangerous because of high acidity of the blood

sediment and casts

presence of abnormal particles is a sign of a pathologic condition

phenylketonuria (PKU)

phenylketones accumulate in newborns lacking the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase-leads to mental retardation

bilirubin

if present may indicate liver or gallbladder disease

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