"High C" - 2 octaves above middle-c.
"Middle C" 2 octave range
"Low G" 2 octave range
Who has a heavier timbre Soprano, Mezzo, or Contalto?
Why is 1813 such an important year?
Verdi and Wagner both born (two greatest composers of all time)
What is the order in ranges for men?
Tenor, Baritone, Bass, Basso Buffo
What is Basso Buffo?
Taddeo initiated into the governors position, also Mustafa gets initiated as a Pappataci
What does Pappataci mean?
Keep your mouth shut
What genre is the italian women in algiers?
When was the Italian Woman composed?
3 different types of Sopranos?
What is the issue w/ the septet singing all together?
They all have different voice types
What is special about libretto's written for septets?
Sometime it's just nonsense words.. which shows that musical expression is the key to the whole thing.
When was "The Magic Flute" composed?
Who composed "The Magic Flute"?
What also happened in 1791, other then "The Magic Flute"?
What language was the Magic Flute?
German: Die Zauberfiote
What type of Opera was The Magic Flute?
What is a Singspiel?
A sung play.
What type of instruments were used in the magic flute?
18th century Replicas of instruments
What is special about the Amsterdam Holland Opera House for the Magic Flute?
It was in a Concert Hall rather then on a stage.
How many trombones were in The Magic flute?
What are you supposed to do as part of the ritual of becoming a Papatacci?
To see and not see
To eat and keep your mouth shut
What elements of opera are present in The Italian Women?
Recatitif (followed by Aria)
Was the one who comissioned Mozart to write some music for a play --> Singspiel
Schikanader wrote this part for himself in the Magic flute -- Bass
"Queen of The Night"
Very high coloratura voice ... 2 arias in this opera... only 3 appearances total.
Lyric Soprano (emotion and feeling)
Falls in love with Pamina -- tenor
Pilobolus Dance Theatre
Combined dance w/ gymnastics, replace scenery w/ dance. Originated from Yale. Often take on the role of animals.
26-28 Operas a year w/ 7 of them at the same time
6 operas in a year, put on for several weekends at a time
A curtained stage, spearationg from the audience.
Semi-Staged (concert version)
Little acting, all the emphasis is put on the music -- economics (costs a tenth of the stage version)
Will usually oversee the production value --> Props and costuming.
The magic bells
What is the Magic Flute often said to be?
A sexist, racist Opera
What was mozart the first musician to do in opera?
Use the clarinet in Opera Orchestra.
What is the difference between symphony orchestra and opera orchestra in the time of Mozart?
Location. Opera orchestra normally in the pit, while the symphony is on the platform
Father of Orchestra (wrote 104 symphonies)
One of the greatest patrons of the arts. Haydyn was the residence compser then went to London.
How many symphonies did mozart write?
What is the typical outline of a symphony?
Orchestral Choirs have four major groups, what are they?
Woodwinds, Brass, Percussion, Strings
Which of the four major groups is the most important?
What are the instruments that are the strings?
Violins (1st and 2nd), Violas, Violoncellos, Contrabass (string bass)
What sums up the string family?
One instrument, in four different sizes.
What is true about all four subsets of the string family?
They all have a bow and four strings, They all have a curved bridge, They can all be played pizz. They all have have homogenous sounds.
What does a shorter string mean?
Which section has the largest amount of players?
What are the four subsets of the Woodwinds?
Flute, obo, Clarinet, Bassoon
What is important/different about the woodwinds?
They are not homogenous -- each has their own individual timbre.
What are the four subsets of Brass?
Horn in F, Trumpet, Trombone (tenor & bass), Tuba
What is different about playing brass?
The sound is created by the lips/shape of the mouth, thus, lips tire and the instruments are played for shorter intervals.
What is important about the brass section?
It has only some homogenouity
What are the four different types of opera production?
Film, TV, Semi and Concert.
Is it expensive to put on an opera?
What are the two different types of opera (in terms of production)?
Seasoned and Reperatory.
Who is the librettist that was very important to Mozart?
Lorenzo Da Ponte (wrote at least 3 of Mozart's operas)
What do some consider Mozart's greatest Opera?
Don Jo Vahi (librettist = da ponte)
Who did Mozart originally have in mind for the role of "Queen of the Night"?
His sister - in - law. Sophie WeberHaible.
"Kettle Durms" (tuned)
what is your eardrum called?
What will tightening the drum head do?
Raise the pitch
How many trimpani's are there usually?
Three -- G(dominant), C(tonic), F(Sub-dominant)
What are the examples of tuned percussion? (definite pitch)
-Timpani, Bells, Chimes
What are the examples of untuned percussion? (indefinite pitch)
-Snare Drum, Bass Drum, Tambourine
Who were the weber girls?
Constance, Josepha, and Aloysia.
Who did Mozart originally intend to marry?
What was Josepha most likely not on stage a lot during "the magic flute"?
Her limited acting ability.
What were the three masterpieces that Mozart wrote with his 'master librettist' Lorenzo De ponte?
Le Nozze di Figaro," "Don Giovanni" and "CosX Fan Tutte,"
What is one thing that really stands out about Mozart's work?
the emotional ambiguity that comes out scene after scene through Mozart's elusicve music.