WYAMS - Ancient India

Created by mrcampbell 

Upgrade to
remove ads

36 terms

monsoon

strong winds that blow across the region at certain times of the year

subcontinent

a large landmass that juts out from a continent

citadel

a fortress in a city

migrate

to move from one place to settle in another area

caste

a social class of people

Indus River

location of the first major civilization on the Indian subcontinent

Himalayas

large mountain range that separates India from the rest of Asia

Harrapa

One of the major ancient cities from this region

Aryans

people who migrated from central Asia to the Indian subcontinent.

Vedas

Religious books of the Aryans and are an important text in the religion of Hinduism.

brahman

a single spiritual power that Hindus believe lives in everything.

avatar

a representation of a Hindu god or goddess in human or animal form.

reincarnation

the rebirth of the soul in the body of another living being.

dharma

the religious and moral duties of Hindus

ahimsa

the Hindu idea of non-violence

yoga

physical exercises Hindus believe free their souls from the cares of the world

Om

Hindus believe this is the sound of the universe; it is also the symbol for Hinduism

Brahma

The Hindu creator god

Vishnu

The Hindu god that protects humans

Shiva

The Hindu god of destruction

meditate

to focus the mind inward in order to find spiritual awareness or relaxation

nirvana

the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires

missionary

a person who spreads his or her religious beliefs to others

Buddha

Name given to Siddhartha Gautama after he became enlightened; means "the enlightened one"

mountain pass

opening in a mountain that allowed the Aryans to enter South Asia

Upanishads

One of the religious texts of Hinduism

Ganges River

River in South Asia that is sacred to the religion of Hinduism

Maurya

Indian empire founded by Chandragupta, beginning with his kingdom in northeastern India and spreading to most of northern and central India.

convert

to change one's beliefs; in particular, to change from one religion to another

tolerance

freedom from prejudice

Asoka

leader of the Maurya Empire that converted to Buddhism; brought great peace to his empire

stupa

Buddhist monument

Chandragupta

founder of the Maurya empire.

The Eightfold Path

Buddha developed this eight-step plan to end suffering

The Middle Way

The Buddha developed this plan to end suffering; also known as the Eightfold path

elephant

animal used by the Mauryan empire to terrorize their enemies.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set