strong winds that blow across the region at certain times of the year
a large landmass that juts out from a continent
a fortress in a city
to move from one place to settle in another area
a social class of people
location of the first major civilization on the Indian subcontinent
large mountain range that separates India from the rest of Asia
One of the major ancient cities from this region
people who migrated from central Asia to the Indian subcontinent.
Religious books of the Aryans and are an important text in the religion of Hinduism.
a single spiritual power that Hindus believe lives in everything.
a representation of a Hindu god or goddess in human or animal form.
the rebirth of the soul in the body of another living being.
the religious and moral duties of Hindus
the Hindu idea of non-violence
physical exercises Hindus believe free their souls from the cares of the world
Hindus believe this is the sound of the universe; it is also the symbol for Hinduism
The Hindu creator god
The Hindu god that protects humans
The Hindu god of destruction
to focus the mind inward in order to find spiritual awareness or relaxation
the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires
a person who spreads his or her religious beliefs to others
Name given to Siddhartha Gautama after he became enlightened; means "the enlightened one"
opening in a mountain that allowed the Aryans to enter South Asia
One of the religious texts of Hinduism
River in South Asia that is sacred to the religion of Hinduism
Indian empire founded by Chandragupta, beginning with his kingdom in northeastern India and spreading to most of northern and central India.
to change one's beliefs; in particular, to change from one religion to another
freedom from prejudice
leader of the Maurya Empire that converted to Buddhism; brought great peace to his empire
founder of the Maurya empire.
The Eightfold Path
Buddha developed this eight-step plan to end suffering
The Middle Way
The Buddha developed this plan to end suffering; also known as the Eightfold path
animal used by the Mauryan empire to terrorize their enemies.