Chapter 3: online

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Research studies of the content of dreams indicate that

people are more likely to dream of failure than of success.

Bed-wetting is most likely to occur at the end of ________ sleep.

slow-wave

While reading a novel, Raoul isn't easily distracted by the sounds of the TV or even by his brothers' loud arguments. This best illustrates

selective attention.

One plausible theory suggests that hypnosis relieves pain by

distracting attention.

The rhythmic bursts of brain activity that occur during Stage 2 sleep are called

sleep spindles.

Bats need a lot of sleep because their high waking metabolism produces ________ that are toxic to neurons.

free radicals

Repeated use of an opiate

decreases the brain's production of endorphins.

Research on the use of addictive drugs indicates that

many people are able to stop using addictive drugs without professional help.

Amphetamines ________ appetite and ________ self-confidence.

decrease; increase

After sleeping for about an hour and a half, José enters a phase of paradoxical sleep. He is likely to

have very relaxed muscles.

Sleep deprivation ________ the production of body fat by ________ levels of the stress hormone cortisol.

stimulates; increasing

Compared to adults, children are

more likely to experience night terrors and more likely to experience sleepwalking.

One of the dangers of using Ecstasy at all-night dances is

dehydration.

After flying from California to New York, Arthur experienced a restless, sleepless night. His problem was most likely caused by a disruption of his normal

circadian rhythm.

Research on susceptibility to hypnosis indicates that

people who are highly responsive to hypnotic suggestion tend to become absorbed in the imaginary events of a novel or a movie.

Compared to when they were only 20 years old, 60-year-olds

Compared to when they were only 20 years old, 60-year-olds

When cocaine is injected or smoked, it produces a rush of euphoria that lasts 15 to 30 minutes. But the stimulant drug ________ can trigger 8 hours or so of heightened energy and euphoria.

methamphetamine

Which of the following psychoactive drugs is most likely to impair people's ability to sleep?

caffeine

People can be hypnotically induced to

report little pain from placing their arms in an ice bath.

A bank teller was so distracted by the sight of a bank robber's weapon that she failed to perceive important features of the criminal's physical appearance. This best illustrates

selective attention.

Narcolepsy is a disorder involving

periodic uncontrollable attacks of overwhelming sleepiness.

Consciousness is

our awareness of ourselves and our environment.

At 1:00 A.M., Luis gets out of bed and begins to sleepwalk. An EEG of his brain activity is most likely to indicate the presence of

delta waves

By decreasing REM sleep, alcohol consumption disrupts the processing of recent experiences into long- term memory. This disruptions occurs because REM sleep

By decreasing REM sleep, alcohol consumption disrupts the processing of recent experiences into long-term memory. This disruptions occurs because REM sleep

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