← Basic Hormones Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Luteinizing hormone
- Zona fasciculata
- Growth hormone
- Zona glomerulosa
- a targets thecal cells in the ovary and Leidig cells in the testes to
produce hormones (estrogen and testosterone, respectively). In females, a mid‐cycle
surge stimulates ovum release from the ovary.
- b o Glucocorticoids
o Corticosterone, cortisol
o Anti‐inflammatory effects, altered glucose utilization
- c o Mineral corticoids
o Increased sodium retention and water retention by the kidneys
- d targets all cells in the body, particularly the liver where it is converted into insulin growth factor‐1. It stimulates growth and increased metabolism
- e receptors are located all over the body with many unknown functions. The
known function is to stimulate milk production in mammary glands.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- due to the lack of antidiuretic hormone from the neurohypophysis.
This alters water conservation mechanisms in the body allowing the release of excessive
amounts of water.
- many targets throughout the body. Uterus and milk ducts are some. stimulates uterine contractions during labor or orgasm, and milk ejection during lactation.
- primarily made of acini that release digestive enzymes into the small intestine (duodenum).
- target is the distal convoluted tubules of the kidneys to cause the reabsorption of sodium and water
- Targets bones and kidneys. In the bone it inhibits osteoclast activity and during youth it stimulates osteoblast activity. In the kidneys it increases calcium excretion. Produced by
parafollicular cells (C‐cells). The release is activated by elevated calcium levels in the blood.
5 True/False Questions
Adrenocorticotropic hormone → targets the zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex to
cause the release of glucocorticoids.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine → These 2 hormones of the medulla mimic the effects of the sympathetic nervous system allowing stimulation over a longer time course than via the nervous system alone.
Lipid-based hormones → This type of hormone causes activation of 'pre-made' proteins inside the cell.
Second messenger system → These glands secrete their product into the blood to travel throughout the body.
Endocrine glands → These glands secrete their product out through ducts to a surface or cavity.