Unit 9 Vocabulary

20 terms by Teonte 

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Water Pollution

pollution of the water in rivers and lakes

Deforestation

the removal of trees

Sahel

a strip of dry grasslands on the southern border of the Sahara; also known as "the shore of the desert"

Sub-Saharan Africa

The region south of the Sahara Desert in Africa; includes some of the world's richest deposits of minerals, yet still remains one of the largest regions of undeveloped natural resources in the world.

Desertification

the gradual transformation of habitable land into desert

Rain Forest

a forest with heavy annual rainfall

Specialization

When spend time producing One thing well Saudi Arabia specializes in producing oil.

human capitol

Skills acquired by labor through education, training, and experiences. Also the value of people's work.

Diversified economy

an economy that does not rely on a few commodities; one that relies on many different things in order to fund the economy

Entrepreneurship

the process of getting into and operating one's own business

Trade barriers

taxes, quotas, and other restrictions on goods entering or leaving a country

African Union

A group of peacekeeping soldiers form various African nations mandated to report violations of cease- fire agreements, atrocities and killings occurring in Sudan in Dafur.

Quotas

The total quantities that a country can produce

Tariffs

Taxes on imports or exports

Economic development

The improvement of living standards by economic growth.

Embargoes

a ban on trade

Southern African Development Community(SADC)

...

mixed market

features characteristics of both planned and market economics

Command Economy

An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.

Pure Market Economy

an economic system with no government involvement so that private firms account for all production

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