The study of the rights and duties of citizens
The people rule, and the government policies reflect peoples desires
One person or small group controls government and citizens. No free elections of leader, no real choice, usually only one real political party, and many restrictions on individual rights
Representative (indirect) democracy
The people elect representatives to make policies for them
Participatory (direct) democracy
The citizens themselves make the policies (discuss issues and vote) Difficult in large countries like the U.S. Exists in some small communities
The purposes of government
To keep order, provide security (military, police, courts, also some government agencies) enforce regulations that keep us safe from harm. Example: FDA (food and drug administration) and EPA (environmental protection agency). Government also provides services such as: public schools, roads, healthcare, parks, well fare, rest stops, libraries, mail, shelters, and public transportation
When the constitution divides power between federal and state governments
The absence of law and government
What are the three levels of government?
National government, Federal government, Central government
Government plan for future course of action
Statement of expected income and expenses
What is the naturalization process?
The process by which some immigrants become citizens. The steps are: 1.) file a declaration of intention with the USCIS (United States Citizenship and Immigration Services) 2.) Live in the U.S. for a minimum of 5 years (three years if married to U.S. citizen), 3.) file an application for citizenship (must be at least 18), 4.) CIS interview for qualifications and moral character, 5.) citizenship exam (history of civics, english) (decision time), 6.) citizenship ceremony - Oath of Allegiance
Have benefits of citizenship except the rights to: vote, run for office, and serve on jury
(Undocumented) immigrants like in U.S. without governments approval
Illegal or not, what are all immigrants entitled to?
Work, own property, free education, and other government
What is a green card
A card that legal immigrants must carry at all times. Shows that they are in the country legally. Citizens don't have to have one
According to the 14th amendment, anyone born in the U.S. or its possession, is naturalized, or born to american parents is a citizen. A citizen may express strong disapproval of government policy, but still owes loyalty and allegiance to the government
What is deportation?
When a immigrant is sent back to its original country
A person who flees a country to escape persecution or danger
Mistreatment due to religious or political beliefs
When a person moves to a new country, from his or her native country
Wave of immigration
When a large amount of people immigrate to another country
An immigration center in New York
What was the Chinese Exclusion Act
Made in 1882, a racist law, the first immigration law directed against a specific group. This law made Chinese immigration illegal. Soon, Chinese residents were not allowed to become citizens until 1943
What was the Immigration Act of 1965?
This act abolished quotas (numerical limits) of each country
The numerical limit of people who can enter form each country