1. What is an ample amount of CHO?
Starch is a?
What do all disaccharides contain?
What reaction links 2 monosaccharides?
What is a byproduct of condensation of 2 glucose?
What is sucrose made of?
Glucose and Fructose
Starch split into two monosaccharides is called what?
What is the CHO of milk?
Where is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
What is the staple grain of US, Canada, Europe?
Dietary fiber is?
Classified by solubility in water
Where does starch digestion take place?
Small intestine, mouth
Where is fructose converted into glucose?
What is the definition of gluconeogenic?
Synthesis of glucose from non carb sources
Insulin does what?
Lowers blood glucose levels
What is the response of body to changes in blood glucose?
Too low- release glucagons
Released under stress to increase glucose concentration
What is the glycemic effect of foods?
How fast and high food causes blood glucose to rise
What does regular sugar ingestion cause?
What is the max sugar intake?
10% of diet
High fiber foods do not provide?
More energy per gram than processed foods
What percent of lipids are triglycerides?
What are triglycerides?
H, C, O, 3 FAs and glycerol backbone
Most dietary lipids are?
What is a FA with double bond?
Olive oil is?
Olive oil and canola oil have?
High levels of monounsaturated FA
Oil partially hydrogenated changes one or more double bonds from?
CIS to TRANS
Lecithin is a?
Which of the following contains cholesterol?
Not found in plants
Steamed veggies have the least?
Bile acids are not manufactured by the?
A hydrophilic end and hydrophobic end (digestion of fats)
Long Chain FA's cannot be?
Absorbed directly into the bloodstream
Most fat eventually empties in blood as what?
What transports cholesterol back to liver from cells periphery of body?
High density lipoproteins
What lowers risk of cardiovascular disease?
High blood levels of high density lipoproteins
What does lipoprotein lipase do?
Hydrolyzes blood triglycerides to provide FA for other cells
Fat is used to form what?
I lbs of body fat =?
Diets high in fish oils lead to?
Lower blood pressure and lower risk of cardiovascular disease
800 kcal mean provides 50% of energy from CHO, 20% PRO how many fat grams?
1200 kcal meal 10g saturated fats, 14g monounsaturated fats, 20g polyunsaturated fats, what percent of energy is from fats?
33% energy from lipids
N is found in proteins but NOT in?
carbs and fats
An aldeyde group is NOT contained in an?
What are not used to classify AA in the diet?
What is a feature of AA's?
it can be made from fat in the body
What is the composition of tripeptide?
3 aa's joined together
2 AA's joined together are called?
What is the definition of denaturation?
Uncoils and loses shape of protein
When you eat a burger, what organ is the hydrolysis protein initiated?
In the stomach?
Pepsin is active
What is the process of simple compounds to complex molecules?
Formation of glycogen in liver is?
ATP is what?
Major energy carrier molecule
Glycolysis is the conversion of?
Glucose to pyruvate
An aerobic reaction requires?
Cori Cycle involves the interconversion of?
Lactic acid and glucose
Triglyceride with 54 carbon atoms is how many glycerol?
Glucose can not be formed from?
95% of triglycerides
Cannot be converted to glucose
Fatty acids cannot be used to make
If carbohydrate consumtion is insufficant what can be made into glucose?
Metabolizing amino acids for energy results in the amino acid...
Being excreted as urea
What can lead to the storage of fat?
Fat, Carbohydrates and Protein.
What is depleted after the first day of fasting?
Which nutrient would reverse a state of ketosis?
What is the maximum amount of weightloss for overweight people?
2- 5 lbs per week.
Connie Gutterson's Weight Loss process?
Diet in terms of waves
Thermic Effect of 2500 kcal diet?
10% or 250 kcal.
The storage of excess fat around the central part of the body.
Connie Gutterson's Book is Called
THe Sonoma Diet
What is a feature of ketosis?
When fats are partially oxidized