Payments to individuals or institutions that are not linked to the current supply of a good or service by the recipient.
public choice analysis
The study of decision making as it affects the formation and operation of collective organizations, like governments.
rational ignorance effect
Because it is highly unlikely that an individual vote will decide the outcome of an election, a rational individual has little or no incentive to search for and acquire the information needed to cast an informed vote.
payments users (consumers) are required to make if they want to receive certain services provided by the government.
special interest issue
an issue that generates substantial individual benefits to a small minority while imposing a small individual cost on many other citizens.