NCLEX Practice Questions Eyes, Ears, Nose, Mouth

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A consensual light reflex is present when which of the following occurs?

A. the right pupil dilates when a light is shone on the left pupil

B. the left pupil dilates immediately after the light is removed from the left pupil

C. the right pupil constricts when a light is shone into the left pupil

D. the left pupil constricts after the light is removed from the right pupil

C. the right pupil constricts when a light is shone into the left pupil

An internal corneal reflex would be demonstrated by which of the following?

A. a bilateral blink

B. a bilateral pupillary constriction

C. a bilateral horizontal deviation of the eye

D. bilateral tearing

A. a bilateral blink

reflect to protect the eyes from damage by foreign objects

In the Snellen chart, the NUMERATOR represents the

A. distance a "normal" person could read a particular line

B. distance that a person stands away from the chart

C. % of the # of letters a person can read on a line

D. # of feet that a person has to move forward to read a line

B. distance that a person stands away from the chart

the denominator is the distance a "normal" person could read a particular line

The red light reflex is caused by the

A. refraction of light off the conjunctiva

B. reflection of light off the inner retina

C. reflection of light off the choroids layer

D. condenstaion of light as it passes through the aqueous humor.

B. reflection of light off the inner retina

Weber Test

place the base of the fork on the midline of the patients skull

Rinne Test

to assess bone conduction, place base against mastoid bone and note how long it takes until the patient can no longer hear the sound

air conduction, place next to auditory canal

Tuning fork hearing tests measure hearing by which of the following mechanisms?

A. air/bone conduction
B. bone/vestibular conduction
C. air/water conduction
D. bone/water conduction

A. air/bone conduction

Before inserting an otoscope in an adult client, which of the following maneuvers should the examiner perform

A. irrigate the ear canal to make sure the tympanic membrane is visible

B. have the client blow his or her nose to make sure pressure is equalized between the external ear and the middle ear.

C. pull the pinna up and back to straighten the auditory canal

D. tilt the client's head toward the side being examined

C. pull the pinna up and back to straighten the auditory canal

If sound lateralizes to one ear when performing the Weber test, which of the following occurring?

A. sound is heard LONGER in one ear than the other.

B. higher FREQUENCIES of sound are heard better in one ear

C. sound is heard LOUDER in one ear

D. electrical impulses are amplified in one ear

C. sound is heard LOUDER in one ear

When comparing air conduction vs. bone conduction, which is expected to occur?

A. bone conduction is normally 2 times as long as air conduction

B. bone conduction and air conduction are equal

C. air conduction is normally 3 times as long as bone conduction

D. air conduction is normally 2 times as long as bone conduction

D. air conduction is normally 2 times as long as bone conduction

When examining the set of the ear, the top of the pinna should match an imaginary line drawn from the

A. tip of the lateral point of the eyebrow to the occiput

B. tip of the nose to the crown of the head.

C. tip of the corner of the mouth to the crown of the head

D. corner of the eye to the occiput

D. corner of the eye to the occiput

Patency of the nostrils is assessed by having the individual:

A. breathe through both nares rapidly

B. sniff inward through one nairs while the other is occluded

C. blow of through each naris while the other is occluded

D. observe each naris for flaring during each inhalation and exhalation

B. sniff inward through one nairs while the other is occluded

The roof of the mouth is divided into 2 parts known as the:

A. hard and soft palates

B. anterior and posterior palates

C. frontal and ethmoid arches

D. superior lingual and uvular arches

A. hard and soft palates

The oropharynx is separated from the mouth by which of the following?

A. Frenulum

B. posterior pharyngeal wall

C. tonsillar pillars

D. dorsum of the tongue

C. tonsillar pillars

Which of the following is NOT considered a border for the oral cavity?

A. lips
B. cheeks
C. tongue
D. tonsils

D. tonsils

Which of the following is a true statement about the paranasal sinuses?

A. they're fully developed in newborns and shrink in size during puberty relative to the growth of the skill of the bones

B. they're totally absent in newborn and rapidly develop during puberty

C. they're not all present in the newborn but grow and develop with the child, reaching full development after puberty.

C. they're not all present in the newborn but grow and develop with the child, reaching full development after puberty

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