5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Facial bones
- Midfacial fractures
- Orbital Bones
- T or F; During maxillofacial surgery vomiting can lead to aspiration and in the maxillofacial trauma patient, it can also lead to infection that may interfere with fracture/wound healing.
- a Le Fort I, is the most common type. The alveolar process of the maxilla is horizontally separated from the base of the skull.
- b There are 14: 2 nasal, 2 maxillary, 2 lacrimal (smallest), 2 zygomatic (malar), 2 palatine, 2 inferior nasal turbinate, 1 mandible, and 1 vomer.
- c True.
- d Frontal, lacrimal, ethmoid, maxilla, zygomatic, sphenoid, and palatine.
- e Closes the mouth and protrudes the chin.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Craniosynostosis, premature closure of the cranial sutures of an infant.
Referred to as "panfacial" fractures. Extends from dorsum of nose, across medial walls of orbit across maxilla below the zygomatic bone. Can be unilateral or bilateral in nature.
- Roof of the mouth. Hard palate (anterior portion) is formed by the maxillary and palatine bones. Helps with word formation and the breakdown of food. The soft palate (posterior portion) aids with closing off the nasal passages during the act of swallowing, and also for closing off the airway.
- 22; facial and cranial.
5 True/False Questions
Facial muscles assist with: →
Orbicular → is oculi, covers a circular path around the eye. The action of this muscle closes the eye.
Heterologous/Xenograft → From the same species.
Dental caries →
Decay of tooth enamel. The bacteria in the mouth, creates an acidic environment, lowering the pH level.
Fracture of the orbital floor → Indications for surgery: Large defect in orbital floor, Enophthalmos (sagging of the eye), and diplopia on up/downward gaze which indicates muscle entrapment and double vision. .