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265 terms

Features of a chronic disease include all of the following except

it produces sharp pains

characteristics of an actute disease include all of the following EXCEPT

it progresses slowly

All of the following are results of making poor food choices EXCEPT

over the long term, they will not affect lifespan in some people

A child who developed a strong dislike of noodle soup after consuming some when she was sick with flu is an example of a food-related

negative association

A parent who offers a child a favorite snack as a reward for good behavior is displaying a food behavior know as

positive association

Nonnutrient substances found in plant foods that show biological activity in the body are commonly known as


An essential nutrient is one that cannot be

made in sufficient quantities by the body

Which of the following is an organic nutrient


which of the following cannot add fat to the body

inorganic nutrients

Which of the following is an example of a micronutrient

vitamin C

How much energy is required to raise the temperature of one kilogram (liter of water) C


Gram for gram which of the following provides the most energy


Food energy is commonly expressed in kcalorie and in


A normal half cup vegetable serving weighs approximately how many grams


A diet provides a total of 2200 kcalories of which 40% of the ENERGY in from fat and 20% from protein. How many grams of carbs are contained in the diet


which of the following is a result of the metabolism of energy nutrients

energy is released

How many vitamins are know to be required in the diet of a human being


which of the following is a feature of the minerals are nutrients

some become dissolved in body fluids

How many minerals are known to be required in the diet of human beings


The study of how a person's genes interact with nutrients is termed

nutritional genomics

What is the meaning of a double-blind experiment

neither the subjects nor researchers know which subjects are in the control or experimental group

In the scientific method, a tentative solution to a problem is called the


What is the benefit of using controls in an experiment

the subjects are similar in all respects except for the treatment being tested

What is the benefit of using a large sample size in an experiment

chance variation is ruled out

A clinical trial must involve

human beings as subjects

overeating and gaining body weight is an example of a

positive correlation

All of the following sets of values are included in the Dietary Reference Intake except


In which of the following are ample amounts of carbs almost always found?

plant foods

All of the following are sources of dietary carbs EXCEPT


What type of nutrient is starch?

complex carb

How many carbon atoms are found in the most common dietary monosaccaride


The types of atoms found in glucose molecule include all the following BUT


which of the following is known as fruit sugar or levulose


What is the sweetest tasting simple carb in the diet


What is the reaction that links two monosaccharides together


which of the following is a byproduct of condensation of two molecules of monosaccarides


What is the composition of sucrose

one glucose and one fructose unit

What is the compostition of maltose

two glucose units

which of the following is a component of all 3 dietary disaccharides


what is the composition of lactose

one glucose and one galactose unit

which of the following sugars is NOT found in plants


what is the name of the animal polysaccharide composed of glucose units


glycogen is stored mainly in which of the following tissues?

muscle and liver

what are cellulose, pectin, hemicellulose, and lignin


which of the following is an example of the difference between in chemical bonds in starch and those in cellulose

cellulose bonds are NOT hydrolyzed by human enzymes

Which of the following plays a major role in the breakdown of certain types of dietary fiber in the large intestine


which of the following is a characteristic of dietary fibers?

they are classified according to solubility in water

With the few exceptions all of the following characteristics are shaed by water-soluble and water-insouble fibers EXCEPT

neither has an appreciable effect on glucose absorption

Which of the following fibers is water insoluble


Which of the following has the LEAST amount of fiber


Enzymatic digestion of starches takes place in the small intestine and also in the


Which of the following enzymes does NOT act on simple sugars


What is the primary absorption site for digestible carbs

small intestine

the enzumes that digest dietary sugars are produced by the

small intestine

what is the primary organ that converts fructose to glucose following absorption

small intestine

a perori diganosed with milk allergy would be sensitive to the milk's


for most of the world's population, what is the effect of aging on the activity of lactase

declines by 90-95%

Among the following population groups, which shows the highest prevalence of lactose intolerance

African American

if you were to exercise continuosly, about how long would glycogen stores last?

a few hours

what is the min daily amount of dietary carbs necessary to spare body protein from excessive breakdown

50-100 g

the process by which an amino acid is used to make glucose is termed


what is the first organ to respond to an increase in blood glucose concentration


what is the normal range (mg/dL) for blood glucose?


when blood glucose concentration falls, what pancreatic hormone is secreted to stimulate release of stord glucose


which of the following is a typical response of the body to changes in the blood glucose

blook glucose levels that fall too low signal the release of glucogen

When you are under physical stress, what hormone is released quickly to stimulate an increase in blood glucose concentation


a person with a fasting blood glucose concentration of 129 mg/dL would be classified as


a person eating lots of white bread, white rice, and ready to eat cereals would have a diet with a glycemic index that is


which of the following is a feature of diabetes

dietary management should focus on total carb intake rather than the type of carbs consumed

what term describes how quickly glucose is absorbed after indegestion how high blood glucose rises as a result, and how quickly blood glucose returns to

glycemic response

which of the following is a feature of diabetes

many people with type 2 diabetes are obese

what is the predominant sweetener used in formulating beverages?

high fructose corn syrup

which of the following is best known to result from regular ingestion of sugar

dental caries

all of the following components are part of the chemical structure of aspartame except

menthanol group

which of the following is a characteristic of the sugar alcohols?

they provide kcalories

when consumed in excess, whic of the following is most likely to cause runny poo


which of the following is know to correlate most strongly with reduced risk of deaths from heart disease

high fiber intake

which of the following is not a feature of high fiber foods?

Provide more energy per gram than processed foods

according to most dietary guidelines, what percentage of the day's total energy intake should be furnished by carbs


according to the american dieteic association what is the daily value for fiber when expressed in g per 1000 kcal


what is the DRI for fiber for a person consuming 2500 kcalories

35 g

which of the following is a typical response in people following a low carb diet

total weight loss over the year is the same as people on conventional diets

which of the following is not associated with the regular consumption of sugary beverages?

the fructose stimulates excessive release of insulin which suppresses appetite

The smallest amount of a nutrient that is consumed over a prolonged period that maintains a specific function is called the nutrient


Recommended Dietary Allowances may be used to

assess dietary nutrient adequacy for individuals

Recommended dietary allowances are based on the

estimated average requirments

What is the AMDR for protein


What is the upper range of fat intake in the AMDR


What is the AMDR for fat?


Which of the following is an anthropmetric measure?

Body weight

Inspection of hair, eyes, skin and posture is part of the nutrition assesment componenet know saw

physcial examination

which of the following would most likely lead to primary nutrient deficiency

inadequate nutrient intake

what type of deficiency is caused by inadequate absorption of a nutrient?


the most commnon causes of death today in the US include all the following except


of the ten leading causes of illness and death how many are associate directly with nutrition?

the more risk factors for a disease, the greater the chance of developing the disease

the diet planning principle that provides all the nutrients, fiber, and energy in amount sufficient to maintain health is called


which of the following is the most calcium dense?

nonfat milk

nutrient dense refers to foods that

provide more nutrients relative to kcalorie

an empty kcalorie food is one that contains

energy and little or no protein, vitamins, and minerals

providing enough but not an excess of food is called


a diet planning principle that provides all the nutrients. fibers, sufficent to maintain health is


which of the following is the most calcium dense

nonfat milk

nutrient dense refers to food s that

provide more nutrients relative to kcalories

an empty kcalor is one that contains

energy and little or no protein vitaminsor minerals

providing enough but no an excess of a food is a diet plannin principle known as


the consumption of 200 kcalories per day is sufficient to meet the needs of

sedentary women

what two major nutrients are supplies by the fruit and vegtables

vitmanins A and C

all of the following are legumes except


legumes are used as meat alternatives for all the following except

they can be graded prime choice and select

appromimatly how many kcalores more per day are need by an average college student who is active compared with her inactive counter part


general features of legumes include al of the following except

they are high in fat

which of the following foods provides discretionary kcalories for the person on a weights reduction diet

canned pears in syrup

which of the following foods kcalories would be considered as part of ones discretionary kcaloie allowance


which of the following is NOT descriptive of MyPyramid

a broad based figure that conveys the message that grains should be abundant form the foundation of a healthy diet

whole grain flour contains all parts of the grain with excpetion of the


refinded grain products contain only the

endo sperm

the addition of calcium to some organe juice products by food manufactureres is most properly termed nutrient


what nutrient makes up most of the endosperm section of grains such as wheat and rice


which of the following breads has the highest fiber content?

whole grain

which of the following is a characteristic of enriched grain products

they have all of the added nutrients listed on the label

approximately what minimum percentage of all grains consumed by a person should be whole grains


which of the following is an enrichment nutrient for grains


The "More Matters" food campaign promotes increased consumption of

fruits and vegtables

the most highly fortified foods on the market are

breakfast cereals

textured vegetable protein is usually made from


which of the following terms is used to describe a cut of meat havin a low fat content


a meat described as "prime cut" meants that

is is higher in fat than other cuts of meat

according to food labeling laws acceptbale synonyms for nonfat milk include all of the following except

reduced- fat milk

which of the following is a feature of US laws governing information on food labels

nutrition labeling is NOT required on foods produced by small businesses or products produced and sold in the same establishment

according to nutrition labeling laws, what two minerals MUST be listed on the package label as percent Daily Value

calcium and iron

approximately how many milliliters constitufe a fluid ounce?


approximately how many grams are in an ounce?


according to nutrition labeling laws, the amounts of what two vitamins MUST be listed on the package label as percent Daily Values

vitamin A and C

food labels express the nutrient content in relation to a set of standard values known as

Daily Values

population groups such as sedentary older men, sedentary younger women, and active older women have a daily energy need (kcal) of approximately


which of the following is a feature of the daily values found on food labels

they assist people in determining whether a food contains little or a lot of a nutrient

which of the following represents the highest level of significant scientific agreement

this product contains whole gains which have been proven to reduce the risk of heart disease and certain cancers

which of the following is a feature of the FDA's regulations of food label health claims?

there are four grades of health claim quality: A, B, C and D

according to US food labeling regulations, clear and convincing evidence has been found for all of the following health claims regarding nutrition and disease EXCEPT

sugar and diabetes

which of the following are allowed in the diet of a lactovegitarian

milk products and plant foods only

which of the following ingredients found on food label is a source of protein


all of the following are documented benefits for people following a vegetarian diet EXCEPT

lower rates of anemia

in vegetarians the RDA is higher for


for the most part all of the following are advantages of vegetarian diet except

vitamin B(12) intake is higher

which of the following is a feature of vitamin B (12) nutrition in vegetarian?

the vitamin B(12) in fermented soy prodcuts may be present in inactive form

what is the lumen of the GI tract?

the inner space

which of the following describes the antamony of the GI tract

a flexible muscular tube

where is the epiglottis located?


what structure functions to prevents entrance of foods into the trachea


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