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) As a result of a 1979 Soviet invasion, what country generated one of the world's largest refugee migrations?

Afghanistan

2) An area organized into an independent political unit is a

State.

3) A group of people who occupy a particular area and have a strong sense of unity based on a set of shared beliefs is a

nation.

4) A state with control over its internal affairs has

sovereignty.

5) Over the past half century, the number of sovereign states in the world

has increased by more than a hundred.

6) The world's largest state is

Russia.

7) Korea is a good example of a

nation divided between more than one state.

8) Two cities in Morocco, Ceuta and Melilla, are controlled by what country?

Spain

1) The only large land mass not part of a sovereign state is

Antarctica.

12) The first states in ancient Mesopotamia

city-states.

13) Political unity in the ancient Mediterranean world reached its height in

the Roman Empire.

14) A territory tied to a state rather than being completely independent is a

colony.

15) The first widespread use of the nation-state concept came in

Western Europe.

16) The attempt by one country to impose

colonialism.

17) The motives of European states in establishing colonies can be summarized as all but which of the following?

guilt

8) By 1900, the British could claim all but which of the following about their empire?

Their largest colonies had become independent by then.

19) The world's smallest colony is

Pitcairn.

20) A state is a good example of

an organized region.

21) A frontier, in contrast to a boundary,

is an area rather than a line.

22) Which shape most easily fosters the establishment of effective internal communications for a smaller state?

compact

24) A feature of the physical environment commonly used to separate states includes all but which of the following?

geometry

26) Boundaries were redrawn in much of Europe after World War I according to the

distribution of languages.

27) The Aozou Strip is a good example of a

geometric boundary.

28) The problems experienced by Cyprus during the past four decades include all but which of the following?

a partition of the island by the British as part of independence

29) With the breakup of the Soviet Union, most Russians

are clustered in Russia's western regions.

30) Conflict is widespread in Africa in part because

European colonial powers drew inappropriate boundaries.

31) The Kurds are a

nationality divided among more than one state.

32) In 2002 the Organization of African Unity was replaced by

the African Union.

33) An increasing number of states have adopted a federal form of government primarily to

satisfy the demands of competing nationalities.

34) What was a distinctive feature of the world's superpowers between the 1940s and 1980s compared to other eras?

The number of superpowers was much lower than in the past.

35) A state which places most power in the hands of a central government is a

unitary state.

36) After the fall of communism, Poland

delegated more authority to local governments.

37) The border between Germany and Poland established after World War II

was further west than the boundary before World War II.

38) Which of the following is not a member of the United Nations?

Taiwan

39) The European Union has

promoted economic growth in Western Europe.

40) With the end of the Cold War,

the European Union has become the world's leading economic superpower.

41) There are some extremely small states in the world that have all but which of the following characteristics?

Most are in the southern hemisphere.

42) The British created different government structures for its various colonies to

help protect the cultures in their territories.

43) The most populous colony is ruled by

the United States.

44) Elongated states may suffer from poor internal communication and difficulty defending its borders. Which of the following is not an elongated state?

Namibia

45) Terrorism differs from assassinations and other acts of political violence

because attacks are aimed at ordinary people.

46) Which of the following is not true of al-Qaeda.

Al-Qaeda is a single unified organization.

47) Cultural boundaries include all but which of the following?

geomorphic

49) The United Nations is primarily what kind of cooperative effort?

political

50) NAFTA is primarily what kind of cooperative effort?

economic

51) Large size is an asset for a state because it is able to do all but which of the following?

guard borders from invasion more easily

52) Among the Azerbaijanis, Armenians, and Kurds, the Azerbaijanis are the only group that

speak an Altaic language

53)Fragmented states are discontinuous, separated by water or another state. Which of the following fragmented states has recently faced war because of fragmentation?

Azerbaijan

54) Which of the following conditions most affects the ability of some countries to participate in the global economy?

landlocked

55) Which colonial state practiced assimilation and the teaching of the mother country's language for its colonies?

France

56) Prorupted states provide

access

57) Which continent has the most landlocked states?

Africa

58) Which method did Argentina and Chile use to solve their boundary location dispute?

Connected mountain peak to mountain peak

60) Select the group that is not a supranational organization

PTA

62) Which colonial state practiced local rule and protection of local language and customs?

Britain

64) The term "nation" refers to a political structure, while the term "state" refers to a people.

False

65) Language and religion are two significant characteristics which distinguish among nationalities.

True

66) Slovenia is a good example of a nation-state.

True

67) Mass communications is a powerful centripetal force in the modern state.

True

68) Physical boundaries are more natural than cultural boundaries.

False

66) Argentina and Chile are separated by one type of physical boundary, a desert.

False

69) Russia is a member of the European Union.

False

70) The boundary between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland is a good example of a physical boundary.

False

71) The Kurds are a good example of a multinational state.

False

72) South Africa is a good example of a landlocked state.

False

73) Yugoslavia was a good example of a federal state.

True

74) The nation-state concept originated and has been used most extensively in modern Europe.

True

76) Osama bin Laden declared war on the United States in 1996, because of United States support of Saudi Arabia and Israel.

True

77) Terrorist consider all U.S. citizens justified targets because all U.S. citizens are responsible for U.S. government policies and cultural practices.

True

78) Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo) is a good example of a compact state.

False

79) A large percentage of the world's states belong to the nonaligned movement.

True

80) Despite being the world's largest country, Russia lacks many resources essential for industrial development.

False

81) A state is an area organized into a political unit, ruled by an established government, but has no control over its foreign affair.

False

82) Sovereignty means a state has complete control over all of its affairs.

True

83) Development of states is traced to the Fertile Crescent in the Middle East.

True

84) A city-state is an independent, sovereign state that comprises a town and its surrounding hinterland.

True

85) Germany and Italy did not become states until 1817.

False

86) Colonialism is an effort by one country to establish settlements and impose its political, economic, and cultural principles on an alien people.

True

87) Imperialism is based on an unequal territorial relationship, usually between states.

True

88) The United States has never practiced imperialism.

False

89) The colonial era began in the 1400s.

True

90) Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Marshall Islands are all colonies of the United States.

False

91) A frontier is a land area whereas a boundary is a political invention.

True

92) Physical boundaries consist of mountains, language, and water.

False

93) A river boundary between Mexico and the United States shifted, causing problems for both countries.

True

94) The boundary between the United States and Canada is known as a geometric boundary.

True

95) The militant cry of "fifty-four forty or fight" referred to the amount of money trappers had to have from the English for their beaver pelts.

False

96) The Caucasus separated Russia from Azerbaijan and Georgia.

True

97) Even though each nationality in the Caucasus has a long-standing and complex set of grievances against others in the region, from a political geography perspective, each nationality there has the same aspiration for its own sovereign nation-state.

True

98) A unitary state allocates strong power to local governments within the country.

False

99) A federal state places most power in the hands of a central government.

False

100) In recent years there has been a strong global trend toward federal government.

True

101) France is a good example of a unitary state.

True

102) The United States was never a colonial power.

False

103) Most Iraqis have stronger loyalty to a tribe or clan than to a national government.

True

104) According to Rubenstein, Western Europe's most important economic organization is the European Union.

True

104) Of the three types of migration factors, political factors have been the most important push factor for emigration from Afghanistan during the 1980s.

True

105) Many countries are moving from unitary to federal or even federation forms of government to protect the rights of nationalities and place more power at governmental levels closest to the people.

True

106) A country with more than one million inhabitants that is not a member of the United Nations is China.

False

107) Most of South Africa's whites emigrated from Europe from Great Britain and Sweden.

False

108) Four countries that were part of Yugoslavia until the early 1990s were Bosnia, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia.

True

109) The unique transportation problem landlocked states face if they wish to export their raw materials overseas is that they must ship everything by air.

False

110) Since the 19th century, the goal of world political leaders has been to establish the boundaries of states according to the principle that boundaries of states should match those of nationalities.

True

111) The two main nationalities on the island of Cyprus are Turkish and Russian.

False

75) Most Iraqis have stronger loyalty to a tribe or clan than to a national government. *

True

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