Atlas A- Orentation to Anatomy

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False

The frontal plane passes vertically through the body or an organ and divides it into equal right and left portions

False

The cut of a guillotine is an example of a section done in the midsagittal plane

True

The appendix is typically found in the right lower quadrant

False

The liver is proximal to the diaphragm

False

When the abdomen is divided into nine regions, the superior horizontal line is called the midclavicular line.

True

The most lateral and superior region of the abdomen is called the hypochondriac region

True

In anatomical position, the forearm is supinated

False

The heart occupies a space called the pericardial cavity between the parietal and visceral pericardium

True

The cranial cavity contains the brain.

thoracic; cranial

The __________ cavity is inferior to the _____________ cavity

the brachial region

The most superior segment of the upper limb is

femoral; crural

The _____ region of the left lower limb is proximal to the _____ region of the same

visceral peritoneum

The ______ wraps around stomach, small intestine, and large intestine.

pancreas; digestive and endocrine

The ________ is an organ directly associated with both the _____ systems.

palms facing posteriorly

Which one of the following is NOT in the correct anatomical position?

frontal

The plane that passes vertically through the body or an organ and divides it into anterior and posterior portions is called the _____ plane.

medial

The interscapular region is ______ to the scapular region.

anterior

The breastbone is _____ to the vertebral column.

dorsal

The _____ part of the small intestine is the part closest the stomach

superior; lateral

The right shoulder is ______ and __________ to the umbilical region

anterior

The trachea is _____ to the esophagus.

anterior; superior

In the cat, the head is _________ to the tail, whereas in the human the head is ________ to the gluteal region (buttock)

deep

The visceral pericardium is ________ to the parietal pericardium

inferior

The lumbar vertebrae are __________ to the thoracic vertebrae

left upper quadrant (LUQ)

The stomach is located mainly in which quadrant of the abdomen?

hypochondriac

The superolateral regions of the abdomen are called the _________ regions

hypogastric

The urinary bladder is located in the __________ region

carpal; tarsal

In the appendicular region, the wrist is called the _____ region, and the ankle is called the ___________ region.

vertebral canal

The backbone encloses the

meninges

The brain and the spinal cord are protected by

serous membranes

The thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity are lined by

mediastinum

The thoracic cavity is divided into right, left, and medial portions by a region called the

thoracic; pleurae

The _______ cavity contains the lungs, which are enfolded in the ____.

parietal pleura; visceral pleura

The most superficial wall of the pleural cavity is lined by the _____, whereas the outer surface of the lungs is covered by _____.

thoracic; pericardium

The heart is in the _____ cavity and is covered by the _____.

parietal pericardium

The most superficial membrane of the heart is called

peritoneum

The abdominopelvic cavity contains a moist serous membrane called

retroperitoneally

The kidneys, ureters, adrenal glands, aorta, and inferior vena cava are all located

mesentery

A continuation of the peritoneum that binds the small intestine and suspends it from the abdominal wall is the

greater omentum

A fatty membrane that hangs like an apron from the inferolateral margin of the stomach and overlies the small intestine is the

integumentary system

This system provides protection, water retention, thermoregulation, and vitamin D production.

lymphatic system

The thymus, spleen and tonsils are principal organs of this system

endocrine and nervous systems

These two systems control and coordinate the 50 trillion cells in a human

skeletal system

This system stores 99% of your calcium and is critical for blood cell formation

respiratory; circulatory

The system that exchanges carbon dioxide and oxygen and helps in speech is the _____ system, whereas the system that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide is the ______ system

digestive

This system breaks down food and absorbs nutrients

urinary system

This system regulates blood volume and pressure, stimulates red blood cell formation, and controls fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance.

frontal

The image of a typical chest X-ray shows a _____ view of the thoracic region

superficial; inferior

The thyroid gland is _____ to the trachea and _____ to the thyroid cartilage of the larynx.

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