The relationship between a condition or variable and a particular consequence, with one event leading to the other.
The subjects in an experiment who are not introduced to the independent variable by the researcher.
A factor that is held constant to test the relative impact of an independent variable.
A relationship between two variables in which a change in one coincides with a change in the other.
The variable in a causal relationship that is subject to the influence of another variable.
The subjects in an experiment who are exposed to an independent variable introduced by a researcher.
The variable in a causal relationship that causes or influences a change in a second variable.
The midpoint or number that divides a series of values into two groups of equal numbers of values.
A research technique in which an investigator collects information through direct participation and/or by closely watching a group or community.
An explanation of an abstract concept that is specific enough to allow a researcher to assess the concept.
Research that relies on what is seen in field or naturalistic settings more than on statistical data.
A sample for which every member of an entire population has the same chance of being selected.
A selection from a larger population that is statistically representative of that population.
A systematic, organized series of steps that ensures maximum objectivity and consistency in researching a problem.
A variety of research techniques that make use of previously collected and publicly accessible information and data.
A study, generally in the form of an interview or questionnaire, that provides researchers with information about how people think and act.
An explanation of an abstract concept that is specific enough to allow a researcher to measure the concept is a(n)
Through which type of research technique does a sociologist ensure that data are statistically representative of the population being studied.
In order to obtain a random sample, a researcher might...
Study the attitudes of registered democratic voters by choosing every 10th name found on a city's list of registered Democrats.
When sociologists want to study a possible cause-and-effect relationship, they may engage in what kind of research technique?
Emile Durkheim's statistical analysis of suicide was an example of what kind of research technique?
Unlike the typical citizen, the sociologist has a commitment to the use of the ____ method in studying society.
A(n) ____ is a speculative statement about the relationship between two or more factors known as variables.
______ refers to the degree to which a measure or scale truly reflects the phenomenon under study.
If scientists were testing a new type of toothpaste in an experimental setting, they would administer the toothpaste to a(n) _____ group, but not to a(n) ____group.
The term ___ ___ refers to the unintended influence that observers of experiments can have on their subjects.
Using census data in a way unintended by its initial collectors would be an example of ______
Using content analysis, ___ ___ conducted a pioneering exploration of how advertisements in 1979 portrayed women as being inferior to men.
The american sociological association's Code of ____ requires sociologists to maintain objectivity and integrity and to preserve the confidentiality of their subjects.