A Glossary of Poetic Terms (Grade 8)

21 terms by mrschick 

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Literary Devices, Poetic Devices, Poetic Terms, Figurative Language

Alliteration

a repetition of the same consonant or vowel sound in close succession

Allusion

a brief, undeveloped reference to a familiar or famous place, event, or figure from literature

Assonance

a repetition of the same vowel sound in close succession

Consonance

a repetition of the same consonant sound in close succession

Couplet

two successive lines of rhyming verse having the same number of feet

Enjambement

a line of poetry that ends without punctuation, causing the reader to continue into the following line without a pause

Foot

a basic unit of measurement for syllable groups in poetry

Hyperbole

a figure of speech which makes deliberate use of exaggeration for serious or humourous emphasis

Image

words and word groups that help the reader sense or picture what is being described; can be literal or figurative

Imagery

a pattern of images that emerge through a poem

Metaphor

a common figure of speech in which a direct comparison or identification is made between two unlike objects

Meter

a system for identifying and measuring the rhythm evident through stressed and unstressed syllables; expressed in two parts; identification of the feet and a count of the number of feet in a given line

Onomatopoeia

the use of a word whose sound imitates, suggests, and reinforces its meaning

Oxymoron

the deliberate side-by-side placement of words that seem contradictory in meaning

Personification

a figure of speech attributing human qualities to animals, inanimate objects, or abstract ideas

Rhyme

the positioning of words to emphasize the agreement or similarity of their sounds

Rhyme Scheme

a labeling system to describe the rhyming pattern of a poem, most commonly using letters to label all lines in order to discover the pattern of rhyme

Simile

a figure of speech to draw an indirect comparison between two dissimilar things using "like" or "as"

Stanza

lines grouped together to form a unit within a poem

Theme

the main idea of a work, not usually directly stated

Tone

the attitude of the author or speaker toward the subject and audience

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