giving in to agressive demands to avoid war
British prime minister; he opposed the policy of appeasement and led Great Britain through World War II
the alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan in World War II
an agreement between two nations to not attack each other (Russia and Germany)
a German word meaning " lightning war"; a fast, forceful style of fighting used by Germans in World War II
the alliance of Britain, France, and Russia in World War II; joined by the United States after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941
Battle of Britain
(1940) three month air battle between Germany and Great Britain fought over Great Britain during World War II; Britain's victory forestalled a German invasion
Japanese nationalist and general; he took control of Japan during World War II. He was later tried and executed for war crimes
staying out of the affairs and wars of other nations' the position initially held by the United Sates at the beginning of World War II
German general during World War II; he commanded the Afrika Korps and was nicknamed Desert Fox for his leadership
Battle of El Alamein
(1942) World War II battle in which Britain won a decisive victory over Germany in Egypt, securing the Suez Canal
Dwight D. Eisenhower
General; thirty-fourth president of the United States; as Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during World War II, he led the Allied invasions of North Africa and of France (D-Day)
Siege of Leningrad
(1941-1942) Nazi army's unsuccessful attempt to capture the city of Leningrad in the Soviet Union during World War II; as many as 1 million civillians perished during the siege
Battle of Stalingrad
(1942) World War II battle between invading German forces and Soviet defenders for control of Stalingrad, a city on the VOlga River; each side sustained hundreds of thousands of casualties; Germany's defeat marked a turning point in the war
American general, he commanded U.S. troops in the southwest Pacific during World War II and administered Japan after the war ended. He later commanded UN forces at the begining of the Korean War, until he was removed from President Truman
Bataan Death March
(1942) a forced march of American and Filipino prisoners of war captured by the Japanese in the Philippines in World War II
Battle of Midway
(1942) World War II naval battle fought in the Pacific; the Americans broke the Japanese code and knew the date and location of the attack, setting the stage for a major American victory.
Battle of Guadalcanal
(1942-1943) World War II battle in the Pacific; it represented the first Allied counterattack against Japanese forces; Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island
in World War II, Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft with bombs and crashed them into enemy ships
forced to leave a country
the Nazi Party's plan to murder the entire Jewish population of Europe and the Soviet Union
an area where minority groups live
detention sites created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians
the killing of millions of Jews and others by the Nazis during World War II
June 6, 1944; the first day of the Allied invasion of Normandy in World War II
(1945) May 8, 1845; a term used by the Allies, it stands for "victory" in Europe" during World War II
Battle of Iwo Jima
(1945) World War II battle between Japanese forces and invading U.S. troops
Battle of Okinawa
(1945) World War II victory for the Allied troops that resulted in the deaths of almost all of the 100,000 Japanese defenders; he battle claimed 12,000 American lives
Harry S Truman
Thirty-third president of the Unite States; he became president upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. He led the United States through the end of World War II and the beginning of the Cold War.
Emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989; he led Japan during World War II and was forced into unconditional surrender following the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
August 15, 1945; a term used by the Allies, it stands for "victory over Japan" during World War II
(February, 1945) a meeting between Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin to reach an agreement on what to do with Germany after World War II
international organization formed in 1945 to maintain world peace and encourage cooperation among nations
(1945) a meeting of Allied leaders in the German city of Postdam to address issues about he post-World War II Europe
Day that World War 2 Started
the day that Germany invaded Poland- September 1, 1939
innovative General in German Army during WWII. Much of Germany's panzer (ground soldiers/tanks) forces were trained to fight according to Guderian's military theories; also the architect of blitzkrieg
Day that Pearl Harbor was bombed
December 7, 1941
used to transport weapons around a battlefield very fast
commander of the Luftwaffe
August 25, 1940
Britain bombs Berlin after Hitler says that Berlin cannot be bombed
goal of bombing Berlin
Britain wanted Hitler to switch targets and to start bombing cities/civillians instead of bombing factories and equipment.
Two things that helped Britain win the Battle of Britain
inigma cypher system and radar
June 22, 1941
the day that Germany invaded Russia; also the day that Napoleon invaded Russia
in north Russia
in central Russia
in south Russia
What does Stalin do for the first six days after Germany invades Russia?
For the first six days after Germany invades Russia, Stalin locks himself in his office and does not communicate with the outside world. Since he was also the commander of the Russian army and since he was locked in the room and did not give any orders to the army, the army did not do anything.
defensive line of Germany's border: trenches, bunkers, basically underground city
May 10, 1940
day that the German invasion of France begins
the code name for the rescue from Dunkirk
Operation Sea Lion
German code name for the invasion of United Kingdom
Operation Nifty Lion
the U.S.'s plan to assassinate Fidel Castro
Phoney War Period
September 1, 1939-May 10, 1940
November 30, 1939-March 15, 1940
Soviet Union invades Finland to demonstrate their strength (Winter War)
commander of the entire Japanese army (military leader of Japan) opposed PH because of unbeatable army
Bombing of Hiroshima
August 6, 1945; the bomb was called Little Boy
Bombing of Nagasaki
August 9, 1945; the bomb was called Fat Man
most famous U.S. ship to be destroyed, nearly 800 men that went down with the ship
Battle of Java Sea
February 7, 1942. First test of ABDA (American British Dutch American) Com (Command). Unified structure. No one has radioes that can talk each other. The radios won't sync, the Dutch couldn't speak English, the Americans couldn't speak Dutch, no one could understand the Australian accents. In the first battle the commander of the Battle of Java Sea, the commander of ABDA Com was killed. After the battle the countries decided to do away with ABDA Com.
Battle of the Coral Sea
May 1942. Japan destroyed the USS Lexington and heavily destroyed another aircraft carrier. Even though the US lost, they hurt the Japanese so much that they couldn't invade Fort Moresby.
How many days was London bombed for during the London Blitz?
Japanese bombers attacked the Australian mainland, Port Moresby
leader in the South Pacific
leader in the Central Pacific
How long did the Battle of Tarwa take?
Marianas Turkey Shoot
The American had more then 900 carrier planes double the amount that the Japanese had.
Four out of ten Americans that went on the island were killed.
MacArthur returned to the Philippines
Montgomery commanded the British and Rommel commanded the Germans.
invasion of Algeria (French Colony), November 8th, 1942
go from Solomons to New Guinea to Philippines
in charge of designing concentration camps
Who did the Germans think was going to lead the invasion?
codename for D-Day invasions
April 30, 1945
Hitler shoots and kills himself.
Pipe Line Under the OCean
Names of the Beaches
Gold, Juno, Sword, Omaha, Utah
Nickname for Omaha Beach
Propaganda Minister, job to make killing people okay, was psychotic and gay, stressed the killing of homosexuals, commits suicide in 1945
Commander of the SS/storm trooper, sets up initial concentration camps (set them up over lunch), assassinated in 1942 by Czechs
replaced Reinhard Heydrich, was the worst of the worse, authorized medial experiments on prisoners, came up with gas chambers
escaped to South America, brought him back to Israel to be tried
Leader of the British forces in North Africa and Italy, hates George Patton
Battle of Kursk
Ukraine, German and Soviets fight, largest land battle in history, largest battle in history (3 million men involved in a 2 mile wide area) turning point of the war
September 3, 1943
Invasion of Italy begins
codename for the invasion of Italy
September 25, 1943
June 4, 1944
August 25, 1945
Firebombing of Tokyo begins.
How FDR described the situation at Pearl Harbor
"a day that will live in infamy"