ANATOMY 1 TEST

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WHICH WORD IS DERIVED FROM THE GREEK WORD MEANING " CUTTING UP"

ANATOMY

WHICH WORD IS DEFINED AS THE STUDY OF THE FUNCTION OF LIVING ORGANISMS AND THEIR PARTS

PHYSIOLOGY

WHICH WORD IS DEFINED AS THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF DISEASE

PATHOLOGY

CELLS ARE

THE SMALLEST LIVING UNITS OF STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION IN THE BODY

THE HEART IS AN EXAMPLE OF AN

ORGAN

THE SUPINE POSITION

DESCRIBES THE BODY LYING FACE UP

THE PRONE POSITION

DESCRIBES THE BODY LYING FACE DOWN

THE OPPOSITE TERM FOR POSTERIOR IN HUMANS IS

ANTERIOR AND VENTRAL

THE OPPOSITE OF SUPERFICIAL IS

DEEP

THE BODY SECTION THAT DIVIDES THE NOSE FROM THE BACK OF THE HEAD IS A

FRONTAL SECTION

THE BODY SECTION THAT DIVIDES THE RIGHT EAR FROM THE LEFT EAR IS A

SAGITTAL SECTION

A SECTION THAT DIVIDES THE BODY INTO MIRROR IMAGES IS A

MIDSAGITTAL SECTION

THE TWO MAJOR BIDY CAVITIES ARE CALLED

DORSAL AND VENTRAL

THE LIVER CAN BE FOUND IN THE

UPPER RIGHT QUADRANT AND EPIGASTRIC REGION

THE HUMAN BODY TRIES TO MAINTAIN A CONSTANT BODY TEMPERATURE. THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF

HOMESTASIS

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING BODY FUNCTIONS IS AN EXAMPLE OF A POSITIVE FEEDBACK LOOP

FORMING A BLOOD CLOT AND UTERINE CONTRACTIONS DURING LABOR

WHICH OF THESE TERMS CANNOT BE APPLIED TO THE BODY IN THE ANATOMICAL POSITION

SUPINE

WHICH DESCRIBES THE ANATOMICAL RELATIONSHIP OF THE WRIST TO THE ELBOW

THE ELBOW IS PROXIMAL TO THE WRIST

A CORONAL PLANE OR SECTION IS ANOTHER TERM FOR A

FRONTAL PLANE

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT PART OF THE CELL

INTERSTITIAL FLUID

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT PART OF THE PLASMA MEMBRANE

TRIGLYCERIDES

TISSUE TYPING USES INFORMATION

FOUND ON THE CELL MEMBRANE

WHICH ORGANELLES CAN BE CALLED THE "DIGESTIVE BAGS" OF THE CELL

LYSOSOMES

WHAT ARE THE "PROTEIN FACTORIES" OF THE CELL

RIBOSOMES

WHICH ARE SMALL FINGERLIKE PROJECTIONS ON THE PLASMA MEMBRANE THAT INCREASES THE CELL'S ABILITY TO ABSORB SUBSTANCES

MICROVILLI

WHICH STRUCTURE MAKES NEW MEMBRANES FOR THE CELL

SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE CALLED THE "POWER PLANTS" OF THE CELL

MITOCHONDRIA

WHICH STRUCTURE HAS RIBOSOMES ATTACHES TO IT AND HELPS TRANSPORT PROTEINS THROUGHOUT

SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM

ONLY ABOUT HALF THE POPULATION HAS WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ORGANELLES

FLAGELLA

WHAT IS THE MOVEMENT OF WATER FROM AN AREA OF HIGHER CONCENTRATION TO AN AREA OF LOWER CONCETRATION THROUGH A SELECTIVELY PERMEABLE MEMBRANE

OSMOSIS

THE STRATUM CORNEUM

IS COMPOSED MOSTLY OF DEAD CELLS

DURING WHICH PHASE OF MITOSIS DOES A CLEAVAGE FURROW BEGIN TO APPEAR

ANAPHASE

CHROMATIN BECOMES "ORGANIZED" DURING WHICH PHASE OF MITOSIS

ANAPHASE

DURING WHICH PHASE OF MITOSIS DO THE CHROMOSOMES MOVE TO OPPOSITE SIDES OF THE CELL

ANAPHASE

DURING WHICH PHASE OF MITOSIS DO TWO NUCLEI APPEAR AND THE CHROMOSOMES BECOME LESS DISTINCT

TELOPHASE

WHIDH TYPE OF TISSUEE ALLOWS FOR RAPID COMMUNICATION BETWEEN VARIOUS PARTS OF THE BODY

NERVOUS

WHICH TYPE OF TISSUE COVERS THE BODY AND LINES MANY OF THE PARTS OF THE BODY

EPITHELIAL

WHICH TYPE OF TISSUE CAN BE CLASSIFIED BY THE SHAPE OF ITS CELLS

EPITHELIAL

WHICH PROCESS DOES NOT RELY ON ACTIVE TRANSPORT

SODIUM-POTASSIUM PUMP

A CODON CONSISTS OF WHICH NUMBER OF NUCLEOTIDES

THREE

WHICH TERM REFERS TO AN INCREASE IN CELL SIZE

HYPERTROPHY

WHICH TERM REFERS TO AN INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF CELLS

HYPERPLASIA

THE BODY'S HEAVIEST ORGAN IS THE

SKIN

THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OFTHE SKIN IS

PROTECTION

MUSXLE IS CONNECTED TO BONE BY

TENDONS

WHICH TYPE OF MUSCLE TISSUE IS FOUND IN THE STOMACH

SMOOTH

THE THYMUS GLAND IS PART OF WHAT SYSTEM

LYMPHATIC SYSTEM

WHICH PART OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM EXCHANGES OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE

ALVEOLI

WHICH OF THESE ORGANS IS AN ACCESSORY ORGAN OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

LIVER

IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE DRUGS ARE GIVEN AFTER

ORGAN TRANSPLANTS

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT CONSIDERED PART OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

`THE CRANIAL NERVES

WHICH STRUCTURE IS NOT PART OF THE LYMPHATIC SYSTEM

PANCREAS

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A SYMPTOM

A HEADACHE AN PAIN IN THE CHEST

ANOTHER NAME FOR THE LATENT STAGE IN AN INFECTIOUS DISEASE IS WHAT STAGE

INCUBATION

AN INFECTIOUS DISEASE THAT AFFECTS A LARGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE WORLDWIDE IS CALLED

PANDEMIC

WHICH OF THESE FACTORS IS NOT A RISK FACTOR

AUTOIMMUNITY

ORGANISMS THAT ARE CALLED MICROBES INCLUDE

FUNGI, BACTERIA, AND PROTOZOA

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING PATHOGENS ARE CONSIDERED NONLIVING

VIRUSES

MAD COW DISEASE IS CAUSED BY

PRION

WHICH TYPE OF PATHOGEN IS A MICROSCOPIC LIVING ORGANISM THAT DOES NOT HAVE A NUCLEUS

BACTERIUM

BACTERIA THAT ARE ROD-SHAPED ARE CALLED

BACILLI

ATHLETE'S FOOT IS CAUSED BY A

FUNGUS

THE PATHOGENIC ANIMAL MOST LIKELY TO BE A VECTOR IS A

ARTHROPOD

AN EXAMPLE OF A BENIGN TUMOR THAT ARISES FROM EPITHELIAL TISSUE IS

ADENOMA

AN EXAMPLE OF A MALIGNANT TUMOR THAT ARISES FROM EPITHELIAL TISSUE IS

MELANOMA

AN EXAMPLE OF A MALIGNANT TUMOR THAT ARISES FROM CONNECTIVE TISSUE IS

LYMPHOMA

ABNORMAL, UNDIFFERENTIATED TUMOR CELLS ARE OFTEN PRODUCED BY A PROCESS CALLED

ANAPLASIA

WHICH OF THESE ARE DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING METHOD USED TO DETECT CANCER

RADIOGRAPHY, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, AND COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY

INFLAMMATION MEDIATORS INCLUDE ALL OF THE FOLLOWING EXCEPT

ANTIBODIES

THE MOVEMENT OF WHITE BLOOD CELLS IN RESPONSE TO A CHEMICAL ATTRACTANT RELEASED DURING THE INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE IS CALLED

CHEMOTAXIS

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN EXAMPLE OF CHRONIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE

ARTHITIS, ASTHMA, AND CHRONIC BRONCHITIS

A SYNDROME IS A

COLLECTION OF SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

THE MOSQUITO IS NECESSARY FOR THE SPREAD OF

WEST NILE VIRUS

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN EPITHELIAL MEMBRANE

CUTANEOUS, MUCOUS, AND SEROUS

THE LINING OF THE MOUTH IS AN EXAMPLE OF WHAT MEMBRANE

MUCOUS

THE VISCERAL PERITONEUM COVERS THE _____ OF THE _____ CAVITY

ORGANS AND ABDOMINAL

WHICH TYPE OF MEMBRANE LINES THE SPACE BETWEEN BONES IN JOINTS THAT MOVE

SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE

WHICH STATEMENT IS TRUE OF THE EPIDERMIS

IT IS THE OUTERMOST LAYER OF SKIN

WHICH STATEMENT IS TRUE OF THE DERMIS

IT IS COMPOSED MOSTLY OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE

THE SKIN TANS IN RESPONSE TO SUNLIGHT BECAUSE OF THE _______ IN THE STRATUM________________.

MELANIN AND GERMINATIVUM

A BLISTER FORMS AT THE JUNCTION OF THE

DERMIS AND EPIDERMIS

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT FOUND IN THE DERMIS OF THE SKIN

MELANOCYTES, WHICH GIVE THE SKIN COLOR

HAIR GROWTHE BEGINS FROM A SMALL CUP-SHAPED CLUSTER OF CELLS CALLED THE

HAIR PAPILLA

THE LAYER OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE UNDER THE FINGERNAIL IS CALLED THE

NAIL BED

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT AN EXAMPLE OF AN ECCRINE GLAND

SEBACEOUS GLAND

WHICH TYPE OF GLAND SECRETES OIL FOR THE SKIN AND HAIR

SEBACEOUS GLAND

WHICH SKIN INFECTION IS ALSO CALLED FURUNCLES

BOILS

WHICH SKIN INFECTION IS CAUSED BY A PAPILLOMAVIRUS

WARTS

WHAT IS ANOTHER TERM FOR A PRESSURE SORE

DECUBITUS

WHICH SKIN DISORDER RESULTS FROM AN AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE

SCLERODERMA

WHICH IS THE COMMON TYPE OF SKIN CANCER

SQUAMOUS CELL CANCINOMA

WHICH IS THE SERUOUS FORM OF SKIN CANCER THAT CAN DEVELOP FROM A MOLE

MELANOMA

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MEMBRANES DO NOT CONTAIN EPITHELIAL TISSUE

SYNOVIAL

THE PARIETAL PLEURA COVERS THE________OF THE __________CAVITY

WALL AND CHEST

A MEMBRANT THAT LINES A CLOSED BODY CAVITY IS MOST LIKELY A _________MEMBRANE

SEROUS

WHICH MEMBRANE LINES THE MEDULLARY CAVITY

ENDOSTEUM

WHICH IS THE LOCATION IN THE LONG BONE WHERE HEMATOPOIESIS OCCURS

EPIPHYSIS

THE STRUCTURAL UNIT OF COMPACT BONE IS CALLED THE

OSTEON

BONE-BUILDING CELLS ARE CALLED

OSTEOBLASTS

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE CARTILAGE CELLS

CHONDROCYTES

WHICH OF THESE ARE BONE-RESORBING CELLS

OSTEOCLASTS

THE SKELETON CAN STILL GROW AS LONG AS THERE IS CARTILAGE LEFT IN THE

EPIPHYSEAL PLATE

WHICH BONES OF THE SKULL CONTAIN SINUSES

FRONTAL, SPHENOID, AND ETHMOID

AN ABNORMAL SIDE-TO-SIDE CURVE IN THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN IS CALLED

SCOLIOSIS

THERE ARE HOW MANY PAIRS OF TRUE RIBS

7

THE SUTURES ARE AN EXAMPLE OF WHICH TYPE OF JOINT

SYNARTHROSES

A SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE WOULD MOST LIKELY BE FOUND IN

A HINGE JOINT

ANOTHER NAME FOR A COMPOUND FRACTURE IS AN___________FRACTURE

OPEN

BOUCHARD NOBES ARE A COMMON SIGN OF WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITION

OSTEOARTHRITIS

SUBLLUXATION IS ANOTHER TERM FOR

DISLOCATION

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE FORMS OF INFLAMMATORY ARTHRITIS

RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, GOUTY ARTHRITIS, AND INFECTIOUS ARTHRITIS

THE STORAGE FUNCTION OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM REFERS TO THE STORAGE OF THE

MINERAL CALCIUM FOR THE BODY

THE FRONTAL BONE OF THE SKULL IS AN EXAMPLE OF A__________BONE

FLAT

THE REGION OF THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN THAT CONTAINS THE LARGEST NUMBER OF BONES IS THE

THORACIC

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING OF THE BONES THAT MAKES UP THE HIP BONE

ILIUM, ISCHIUM, AND PUBIS

ANOTHER NAME FOR A VOLUNTARY MUSCLE IS

STRIATED AND SKELETAL

INTERCALATED DISKS ARE FOUND IN

CARDIAC MUSCLE

WHICH TYPER OF MUSCLE TISSUE CONTAINS STRIATIONS

VOLUNTARY MUSCLE AND CARDIAC MUSCLE

ANOTHER NAME FOR VISCERAL MUSCLE IS

SMOOTH MUSCLE

IN THE BENDING OF THE ELBOW

THE BICEPS BRACHII IS THE PRIME MOVER

TONIC CONTRACTIONS

HELP MAINTAIN POSTURE

LIFTING A BOOK OFF THE DESK IS AN EXAMPLE OF WHAT TYPE OF CONTRACTION

ISOTONIC

MUSCLE HYPERTROPHY

IS AN INCREASE IN MUSCLE SIZE

IF THE MUSCLES OF A WEIGHTLIFTER AND A MARATHON RUNNER WERE COMPARED, THE MARATHON RUNNER WOULD HAVE

MORE MITOCHONDRIA IN EACH MUSCLE CELL

IF THE MUSCLES OF A WEIGHLIFTER AND A MARATHON RUNNER WERE COMPARED, THE WEIGHTLIFTER WOULD HAVE

LARGER MUSCLE CELLS

THE MOVEMENT THAT IS OPPOSITE OF FLEXION IS

EXTENSION

SHAKING YOUR HEAD "NO" IS WHAT TYPE OF MOVEMENT

ROTATION

WHICH TYPE OF MUSCLE IS CHARACTERIZED BY CELLS WITH TAPERED ENDS AND A SINGLE NUCLEUS

SMOOTH

WHICH TYPE OF MUSCLE TISSUE SPECIALIZES IN CONTRACTION OR SHORTENING

CARDIAC, SMOOTH, AND STRIATED

THE INSERTION OF A MUSCLE IS THE

ATTACHMENT TO THE MOVE MOVABLE MUSCLE

WHICH TYPE OF CONTRACTION CAN BE SEEN IN AN ISOLATED MUSCLE BUT PLAYS A MINIMAL ROLE IN NORMAL MUSCLE ACTIVITY

TWITCH

MOVING A BODY PART AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY IS CALLED

ABDUCTION

THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM IS A SUBDIVISION OF THE ___________NERVOUS SYSTEM

PERIPHERAL

AXONS

CARRY NERVE IMPULSES AWAY FROM THE CELL BODY

DENDRITES

ARE USUALLY HIGHLY BRANCHED

SENSORY NEURONS ARE ALSO CALLED

AFFERENT NEURONS

ANOTHER NAME FOR CONNECTING NEURONS IS

INTERNEURONS

WHICH TYPE OF GLIA CELL PRODUCES MYELIN FOR CELLS IN THE BRAIN

OLIGODENDROCYTES

THE OUTERMOST COVERING OF A NERVE IS CALLED THE

EPINEURIUM

THE MOST SIMPLE NERVOUS SYSTEM PATHWAY

IS A TWO-NEURON PATHWAY

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING NEUROTRANSMITTERS ARE CONSIDERED A CATECHOLAMINE

NOREPINEPHRINE, DOPAMINE, AND SEROTONIN

THE VITAL CENTERS ARE LOCATED IN THE

MEDULLA OBLONGATA

THE OUTERMOST LAYER OF THE MENINGES IS THE

DURA MATER

ANOTHER NAME FOR TIC DOULOUREUX IS

TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

IF A PERSON NEVER HAD CHICKENPOX, IT IS LESS LIKELY THAT HE OR SHE WILL EVER HAVE

SHINGLES

THE SOMATIC NERVOUS SYSTEM CARRIES IMPULSES FROM THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD TO

SKELETAL MUSCLES

SOMATIC MOTOR NEURONS

CONNECT THE SPINAL CORD TO THE EFFECTOR ORGAN WITH ONLY ONE NEURON

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING NEURONS IS CLASSIFIED AS A CHOLINERGIC FIBER

PARASYMPATHETIC PREGANGLIONIC NEURON AND SYMPATHETIC PREGANGLIONIC NEURON

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING NEURONS IS CLASSIFIED AS AN ADRENERGIC FIBER

SYMPATHETIC POSTGANGLIONIC NEURON

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