Grade 6 American Revolution Study Guide

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The French and Indian War happened

BEFORE the Revolutionary War, from 1754 to 1763

The French and Indian War was fought between

the British and the French in North America, over control of the Ohio Valley

The French and Indian War was won by

the British, who went deeply into debt as a result

England's reasons to retain control over the colonies included

a desire to remain a world power, and the ability to impose taxes to raise revenues

England needed to tax the colonies to

help finance the debt from the French and Indian War, and to pay to maintain English troops in the colonies

The Stamp Act (1765) taxed colonists on

playing cards, calendars, legal documents, licenses, and newspapers (anything requiring ink)

The Stamp Act was repealed in

1766

The Townshend Act (1767) taxed colonists on

tea, paper, glass and paint

The Townshend Act was partially repealed in

1770

The part of the Townshend Act that was not repealed was

Tea Tax

The Stamp Act and the Townshend Act both resulted in

boycotts

The Boston Tea Party occurred in

1773

What happened during the Boston Tea Party was

colonists dressed as Native Americans boarded a British ship and dumped 300 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor

As a result of the Boston Tea Party

the KIng punished the colonists by blockading their harbor, and issued other Intolerable Acts

The First Continental Congress

Delegates from all the colonies except Georgia met to discuss their problems with England and to promote independence. They wrote a letter to King George demanding that he repeal the Intolerable Acts (1774, after the Boston Tea Party).

The Second Continental Congress

formed the Continental Army and named George Washington commander in chief

England thought the colonists should be governed by

Parliament, the governing body in Great Britain

The colonists thought they should be governed by

their local assemblies (themselves)

The motto of the colonists about taxes was

"No Taxation Without Representation"

"No Taxation Without Representation" means

the colonists had no representative in Parliament to speak or vote for them, yet they paid taxes anyway

Colonists were unhappy with the Proclamation of 1763 because

it said the colonists couldn't move into that same Ohio Valley that England had just won rights to

George Washington

Commander in Chief of the Continental Army

Thomas Jefferson

Chief writer of the Declaration of Independence

Molly Pitcher

patriot woman who assisted soldiers in the Continental Army during the Battle of Monmouth

Lord North

Prime Minister of Great Britain during the Revolution; his ministry passed the acts that led the the Boston Tea Party

Benjamin Franklin

member of the Continental Congress who helped frame the Declaration of Independence, and who helped gin French support for American independence

Patrick Henry

member of House of Burgesses who inspired colonial patriotism, saying, "Give me liberty or give me death"

Lord Cornwallis

British General who surrendered at Yorktown

John Adams

Boston resident who championed the cause of independence

Samuel Adams

patriot from Massachusetts who co-let the Boston Tea Party and urged general boycott of British trade

Phillis Wheatley

former slave who wrote poems and plays supporting American independence

King George

British King during the Revolutionary War

Paul Revere

Patriot who made a daring ride to warn colonists of British arrival; also an instigator of the Boston Tea Party

Deborah Sampson

patriot woman who served in the Continental Army disguised as a man

Thomas Paine

Journalist and author of Common Sense

The Boston Massacre was

when colonists in Boston were shot after taunting British soldiers

The Battle of Lexington & Concord

was the first armed conflict of the Revolutionary War ("the shot heard 'round the world")

The Battle of Saratoga was

the American victory that was the turning point of the war; encouraged the French to join on the American's side

The Battle of Yorktown was

the last major battle of the Revolutionary War, won by the Continental Army

At the end of the Battle of Yorktown

the British army under General Lord Cornwallis surrendered to General Washington, marking the end of the Revolutionary War

The Revolutionary War was won by

the colonists, allowing the colonies to break away from English rule

The Declaration of Independence was signed on

July 4, 1776

The Declaration of Independence

declared that the colonists were free from England

The Declaration of Independence declared that everyone has "unalienable rights" to

life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness

The Declaration of Independence says that government is established to

protect the rights of the people

The Declaration of Independence says that the authority to govern does not belong to kings, but derives from

the people being governed

The Declaration of Independence says that if the government violates the rights of the people, they people have a right and a duty to

alter or abolish that government, and replace it with one that will not violate those rights

The Revolutionary War ended when

the United States, Britain, France and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris in 1783

The Treaty of Paris

gave the United States control of the frontier region from the Appalachian Mountains to the Mississippi River, and declared that the United States was a free and independent country

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