Imaginary writing based on current or projected scientific and technological developments that impact individuals or society. Could happen. Frequently answers "what if?"
Early travel tale, mix of fact, fiction and myth, tried to maintain scientific credibility with knowledge of time
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea
written by Jules Verne, travels with mans inventions solving the problems, "gadget sci-fi"
War of the Worlds
optimistically adressed social impact on society (social sci fi - impact of society), written by H.G. Wells
added psychological and philosophical elements; maintained that man can control environment, added man's creation of monsters; written by Shelley
wars of the 20th century
caused sci fi to become more pessimistic
Man didn't always create good, and we can't necessarily solve problems. Writing of this time was poor with an emphasis on plot.
emphasized virtual reality and artificial intelligence
children of the nuclear age, profoundly pessimistic, concerned more about humanity, use tech world to expose problems
relied on human imagination, usually poorly written, "Amazing Stories", coined term
John Campbell Era
30 year campaign to present quality sci-fi, interested in logical and believable characters