HCMS History/Background of Science Fiction

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test 2/17

science fiction

Imaginary writing based on current or projected scientific and technological developments that impact individuals or society. Could happen. Frequently answers "what if?"

what if

question sci fi frequently answers

Hugh Gernsback

coined term in 1920s

the Odyssey

Early travel tale, mix of fact, fiction and myth, tried to maintain scientific credibility with knowledge of time

Plato's Republic

4th century B.C. scheme for an ideal society

Gulliver's Travels

satire, search for perfect society, travel tale

Jules Verne

"Father of Science Fiction"

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

written by Jules Verne, travels with mans inventions solving the problems, "gadget sci-fi"

War of the Worlds

optimistically adressed social impact on society (social sci fi - impact of society), written by H.G. Wells

Frankenstein

added psychological and philosophical elements; maintained that man can control environment, added man's creation of monsters; written by Shelley

wars of the 20th century

caused sci fi to become more pessimistic
Man didn't always create good, and we can't necessarily solve problems. Writing of this time was poor with an emphasis on plot.

Atomic Era

sci fi became extremely pessimistic and emphasized negative effects of technology

New Wave

emphasized virtual reality and artificial intelligence
children of the nuclear age, profoundly pessimistic, concerned more about humanity, use tech world to expose problems

science and technology

common theme: the future of humankind in a world dominated by...

society

common theme: the future of ... as a group

viewed from the outside

common theme: the nature of humanity when ....

place

common theme: the .... of humanity in the universe

1815-1926

Primitive Era (time period, ...-...)

Gernsback Era

relied on human imagination, usually poorly written, "Amazing Stories", coined term

1926-1938

Gernsback Era (time period, ...-...)

John Campbell Era

30 year campaign to present quality sci-fi, interested in logical and believable characters

1938-1945

John Campbell Era (time period, ...-...)

1945-1960's

Atomic Era (time period, ...-...)

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