Chapter 7 Review

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Italy

A boot shaped peninsula that extends south from Europe.

Mountains, Hills

Muchof the Italian peninsula consists of what type of terrain?

Apennines

Name of the largest mountain in italy.

The Palentine

A settlement was founded on what hill and which later became an important city?

Rome

What was the name of the city that grew there?

Tiber River

What is the name of the river that Rome lies on?

Etruscans

Who was the chief power in northern Italy?

Etruria

Where did those people settle?

Asia Minor Lidya

Where did the Etruscans come from?

On hilltops

Where were Etruscans cities built?

Brick

What kind of houses did they have?

Built walls

How were these cities protected (besides being on a hill)?

Latins

What group of people lived south of the Tiber River and were the first settlers of land near Rome?

April 21, 753 B.C.

What is the date that Rome originated?

Aeneas

Who was the legendary founder of the Roman people?

Trojans

Who were the legendary founders of Rome (not the Roman people, but the city)?

Proca

The 13th in the line of kings after Aeneas.

Numitor, Amulius

Who were this kings two sons?

Rhea

Who was Numitor's daughter?

Remus, Romulus

Twin sons of Numitor's daughter.

Mars

Who was the father of these twins?

Sent in a basket in the river to drown

What happened to the twins after they were born?

A she wolf

Who saved them?

A sign

How was it decided which of the twins would be king?

Romulus

Who became the sole ruler and first king of Rome?

Traders and pirates

They were known as people of the sea and had two different occupations. What were they?

The phalanx

What did their army borrow from the Greeks?

Shoes made of heavy leather.

What was the different of their that helped them to get around in hilly areas?

Music and Dance

What types of entertainment did the Etruscans love?

Religion

Many of the dances were connected to what?

Social Orders

The way groups of people are classed.

Into provinces

How did they believe that the universe was divided?

Humans were in the center facing south. Gods of death and underworld were to the west. Gods of the heavens to the east.

What were the provinces?

Sooth Sayers

People who predicted the future.

Omens

Events interpreted as signs of the future.

A banquet

What happened when at Etruscan noble died (an event)?

Two slaves fought together to death.

What happened during this event?

The spirit went with the noble.

What happened to the spirit of the dead slave?

Catacop

Where were the nobles buried?

Necropolises

A cemetery outside of the city.

Caera

A city with a large Etruscan cemetery.

Lucius Tarquinius

The first Etruscan ruler of Rome.

100 years

How long was his dynast?

Used the arch in bridges. Suer system. Drained swamp at the foot of palentine. Abc's. civil of authority. Sooth sayers. The way in which cities were founded.

Etruscan contributions to the Roman civilization.

Forum

What was built at foot of the Palatine?

A public square

What was a forum?

Palace, government buildings, law courts.

What did the Forum house?

The Greeks

Who influenced the Etruscan alphabet?

Gladitorial Games

The fights borrowed from the Etruscans were called what?

Men on men, humans against animals, animals against animals, woman and dwarfs.

Who was involved in the gladiatorial games?

Fasces

The symbol of authority was called what?

Bundle of rocks around rods.

What form did it take?

Sooth sayers read omens, a ditch was dug based on omens. The plow had a bronze blade. Founders then took a handful of dirt into the trench.

How were cities founded? What rituals did they follow?

covered a shaft leading to the underworld.

What was the purpose of the stone?

Mundus

What was this spot called?

A meeting point for the living of the dead.

What is a mundus?

Open the stone three times a year so the souls of th dead could return to earth.

What did they do at this spot?

Triumph

A procession honoring a hero.

As relative equals.

How were Etruscan women treated?

Om capitaline hill.

The site of the first temple in Rome.

Municipal Government

City government is also known as what?

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