the totality of the changes in economic and social organization that began about 1760 in England and later in other countries, characterized chiefly by the replacement of hand tools with power-driven machines, as the power loom and the steam engine, and by the concentration of industry in large establishments.
"Father of the Factory System" in America; escaped Britain with the memorized plans for the textile machinery; put into operation the first spinning cotton thread in 1791.
a system of manufacturing in which all the materials, machinery, and workers required to manufacture a product are assembled in one place
textile mill located in a factory town in Massachusetts that employed farm girls who lived in company-owned boardinghouses
An engineer and inventor who developed the first successful steam-powered steamboat known as the Clermont
He invented the first American steam locomotive to be used on a track. He built the Tom Thumb.
Samuel B. F. Morse
Invented the telegraph which allowed faster communication over longer distances. He also developed Morse code
Invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. It removed seeds from cotton fibers. Now cotton could be processed quickly and cheaply. Results: more cotton is grown and more slaves are needed for more acres of cotton fields
Leader of a slave rebellion in 1831 in Virginia. Revolt led to the deaths of 20 whites and 40 blacks and led to the "gag rule' outlawing any discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives