The study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another.
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, the behavior of others, and their own behavior.
Ascribing the causes of behavior to personal dispositions, traits, abilities, and feelings.
Ascribing the causes of behavior to situational demands and environmental constraints.
fundamental attribution error
In judging the behavior of others, the tendancy to underestimate the impact of the situation and overestimate the impact of personal disposition.
The tendancy, if you are the one in the situation, to locate the explanation for your behavior in the situation, not within yourself.
blame the victim
The tendancy to believe that it is the fault of the victim if bad things happen to them.
just world phenomenon
The idea that people get what they deserve and deserve what they get; a reason to blame the victim.
The tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situtional factors.
A belief and feeling that perdisposes one to respond in a particular way to objects, people, and events.
The tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request.
We act to reduce the discomfort we feel when our thoughts do not match our actions.