wrote the Odyssey and the Iliad
another name for Troy
red-haired king of Sparta
the wife of Menelaus
child of Priam and Hecuba; Priam heard a prophecy that he would be the cause of the fall of Troy; sent to the countryside of Troy to avoid this prophecy; chose Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess because she promised him the love of the most beautiful woman
ten years, because he made the gods angry
how long does it take Odysseus to get back from the Trojan War and why?
the best warrior ever; child of Priam and Hecuba
had prophecies; child of Priam and Hecuba
the center of the world; where people went to receive prophecies
son of Pellas (king) and Thetis (goddess)
goddess of discord and strife; was not invited to the wedding of Pellas and Thetis so she brought a golden apple and told Zeus to pick the most beautiful goddess
this god was too smart to choose between Aphrodite, Athena, and his wife Hera, so he let Paris choose the most beautiful goddess
victory over Troy
what did Athena promise to Paris if she was chosen?
power over Asia Minor
what did Hera promise to Paris if she was chosen?
the love of the most beautiful woman
what did Aphrodite promise to Paris if she was chosen?
the goddess of love; was chosen by Paris as the most beautiful woman; on the side of Troy in the Trojan War
the goddess of wisdom; on the side of Greece in the Trojan War
wife of Zeus, queen of the goddesses; on the side of Greece in the Trojan War
that he would not live long
what was the prophecy that Thetis heard when Achilles was born?
took Achilles to the underworld and dipped him into the Styx River
what did Thetis do to try and prevent the prophecy she heard from happening?
Achilles kills Hector
Who does Achilles kill in the Trojan War?
a story has been passed through the generations by word of mouth
the four characteristics of an epic
1) hero is a king or warrior who reflects the values of his culture/ society 2) written in poetry 3) story covers a large amount of the world or underworld 4) hero encounters gods, goddesses, monsters, supernatural creatures, has an adventure
how many men does Odysseus set off with?
how many books does an epic have?
a prayer to the muse of epic poetry to inspire the poet to write his epic poem; contained in Book 1 of an epic
muse of epic poetry; had nine daughters (the muses)
muse of history
muse of comedy
they ate his cattle
why are Odysseus's men killed by Helios?
god of the sun
when do we meet Odysseus?
wife of Odysseus
son of Odysseus
he pretends to be insane
how does Odysseus try to avoid going to the Trojan War?
they truly believe that Odysseus is dead
why do the townspeople want Penelope to remarry?
what is Penelope the symbol of because of her refusal to remarry?
men who live in the home of Penelope and Telemachus and try to get Penelope to marry them
host-guest relationship; basis of civilized behavior
was Paris a good guest?
Penelope's suitors were what kind of people?
what is Telemachus called because he does not try to get rid of the suitors?
Athena in disguise; comes to teach him; sent by Zeus
his father getting rid of the suitors and bringing peace to Troy
what is Telemachus daydreaming about when Mentor arrives?
Mentor's advice about the suitors
1) call them to an assembly and tell them to go 2) get a boat of twenty oars, visit Nestor then Menelaus for news of Odysseus (if he hears that he's alive, then deal with the suitors; if hes dead, hold a memorial service and make sure your mother is married) 3) when he finds his father, come back and deal with the suitors
sage king of Pylos
Dawn has what?
make them look a little better than usual
what can gods or goddesses do for people?
the ringleader of the suitors
she says she will marry a suitor when she finishes weaving a cloth for Laertes, but she unravels the cloth every night
for a son to be as good as his father
what is rare for a son to be?
not to tell Penelope that he has gone
what does Telemachus ask of the nurse?
Nestor's kingdom is a conrast of what?
because he's nervous
why must Athena convince Telemachus to visit Nestor?
process that a young person will undergo to develop into a mature individual; the maturing process
having blue eyes
what does Nestor represent?
Telemachus believes that questioning Nestor, an old man, would be...
a positive statement made by the negation of its opposite
born to the purple
born to royalty
that the boy is Telemachus
Menelaus and Helen both suspect this before he tells them
Menelaus tells Telemachus that he's heard Odysseus is trapped on an island with...
Zeus sends Hermes to tell Calypso to free Odysseus
what helps Hermes travel to the island of Calypso?
messenger god; has the power of sleep; can travel as a gull
nymph (minor goddess); not evil, but an obstacle
Calypso is weaving on a loom of what?
what cover Calypso's home?
Calypso offers Odysseus this if he'll stay
Odysseus is very ___ in his response to Calypso when she asks if she is not as good as Penelope
son of Laertes
having many talents
god of the sea who causes a storm that destroys Odysseus's raft
in medias res
in the middle of things
teenage princess on the island Odysseus lands on
Athena communicates with Nausicaa through this
help with the laundry
Nausicaa requests persmission to do this when she wakes up
Mt. Olympus has what type of climate?
used to soften the skin when bathing
this feature indicates that Nausicaa is privileged because she does not have to labor outside
Athena makes Nausicaa __ getting back so that she will meet Odysseus
Odysseus covers himself with this because he is modest
long, lengthy simile (comparison of Odysseus to a mountain lion)
holding someone's knees
a symbol of humility, mercy, and asking for help
goddess of young girls (same as Diana)
Odysseus is speaking this way to Nausicaa
an epic simile compares Nausicaa to this
very famous description describing the deep blue of the sea
men styled their beards this way
another name for Nausicaa's island
Nausicaa tells Odysseus not to walk with her when they go by the shipbuilders because they like to
Nausicaa's island is known for this
court poet who entertains Odysseua and Alcinous
Books 1-8 happen in...
Land of the ___ is where everyone is drugged by the Lotus plants
using a part for the whole