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Ethics

the principles of honor, morality, and accepted rules of conduct that govern an individual or group.

Professionalism

behavior and attitude patterns exhibiting standards and character marked by pride in oneself and one's career, respect for the people served and commitment to
the continued development of skills in the pursuit of excellence.

A high standard of ethical and moral conduct

is an essential ingredient in the
development of a professional officer on and off duty.

According to s. 112.311(5), F.S.

no officer or employee of a state agency or of a
county, city or other political subdivision of the state shall have any interest, financial or
otherwise, direct or indirect; engage in any business transaction or professional activity; or
incur any obligation of any nature, which is in substantial conflict with the proper discharge of
his/her duties in the public interest.

Gratuity

anything of value intended to benefit the giver more than the receiver, given to a person because of position and authority rather than because of individual or
personal qualities.

Questions that an officer should consider when deciding whether a gratuity is being
offered:

a) would this person have given this to me if I were not a correctional officer?
b) does this place me under any obligation?

The importance of ethical conduct in corrections, to include:

a) to maintain professionalism
b) unethical conduct by individual officers is viewed by the public as a reflection of the
entire profession

Identify acts that are considered unethical, to include:

a) dishonesty
b) brutality
c) prejudice
d) offering or accepting gratuities
e) swindling
f) conversion of inmate's property
g) giving false or slanted testimony
h) violation of laws and regulations
i) violation of civil rights
j) discourteous conduct
k) willful neglect of duty
l) divulging confidential information
m) violation of privileged communication

As a Correctional Officer, I regard myself as

a member of an important and honorable
profession.

I will keep myself in the best possible

physical condition at all times.

I will perform my duty with

efficiency at all times.

I will be exemplary in

my conduct, edifying in my conversation, honest in my dealings and obedient to the laws of the city, state and country.

I will regard my oath as

I regard my sacred honor.

I will not, in the performance of my duty,

work for personal advantage or profit.

I will, at all times, recognize

that I am a public servant.

I will give the most efficient and impartial service

of which I am capable at all times.

I will be courteous

in my contacts at all times.

I will regard my fellow officers

with the same standards as I hold myself.

I will guard my fellow officer's honor and life

as I guard my own.

I will be loyal to

my fellow officers, my superiors and my institution.

I will accept responsibility

for my actions.

I will do only those things that

will reflect honor on my fellow officers, my institution and myself.

CJSTC

Criminal Justice Standards and Training
Commission

Identify the primary goals of the Criminal Justice Standards and Training Commission, to
include:

a) improve the delivery of quality training
b) ensure job-relatedness in employment standards
c) increase the professionalism of law enforcement, correctional and correctional
probation officers throughout the state

Primary responsibilities of the Criminal Justice Standards and Training
Commission are established by Chapter 943, F.S.

established by Chapter 943, F.S.

Identify that section 943.13, F.S.

sets the minimum requirements and standards that persons must meet before becoming certified as officers.

Explain that the Criminal Justice Professionalism Program (CJPP) is statutorily created within
the Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE) to

support and assist the Commission in
the execution, administration, implementation, and evaluation of its powers, duties, and
functions.

Explain that CJSTC rule 11B-27.002, FAC, requires that within four (4) years from the
starting date of a Commission-approved Basic Recruit Training Program, an individual is not
certified as an officer until they:

a) successfully complete the basic recruit training program
b) achieve a passing score on the applicable State Officer Certification Examination
c) gain employment as an officer

Identify grounds for revocation, to include:

a) failure to maintain good moral character as defined by Florida Statutes, section
943.1395(7), and Florida Administrative Code, Chapter 11B-27.011
b) having been convicted of any felony or of a misdemeanor involving perjury or a false
statement
c) having pled guilty or nolo contendere to a felony or misdemeanor involving perjury or
a false statement
d) intentionally executing a false affidavit of applicant, compliance, or termination form

s. 790.233, F.S.

an officer who has been issued an in force final injunction against committing
acts of domestic violence while possessing any firearm or ammunition, upon conviction,
commits a first degree misdemeanor

This provision does not apply to an
active certified state or local officer, as defined in s. 943.10(14), F.S.

who receives or
possesses a firearm or ammunition for use in performing official duties, unless possession is
otherwise prohibited by the employing agency.

Explain that Federal Public Law 104-208

Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act of 1997
states that it is unlawful for any person convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic
violence to ship, transport, receive or possess firearms and ammunition, and prohibits the sale
of firearms and ammunition to such individuals.

Explain that in ancient times

the reaction to crime and criminals was personal revenge.

Explain that as societies became more complex

the individualized response to crime through
personal revenge became less and less acceptable.

Explain that in medieval Europe

crime was thought of as acts that threatened the King's
authority.

Explain that throughout history, retribution has

usually taken the form of punishment.

Explain that the earliest European form of jails was

centers for the detention of inmates
awaiting trial.

Explain that in 1790 the Pennsylvania State Legislature called for

renovation of the prison
system, which influenced similar developments in neighboring states.

Explain that the Walnut Street Jail in Pennsylvania

is seen as the beginning of the penitentiary
system in the United States.

Explain that in 1816 the Auburn Prison

was built with the philosophy that crime prevention
could be accomplished through fear of punishment and silent confinement.

Explain that in Auburn-like institutions

inmates were marched from place to place and their time was regulated by bells telling them to wake up, sleep and work.

Explain the distinction, beginning in the 1850's, between jails and prisons, to include:

a) jails - local facilities to hold inmates before trial and to house some non-dangerous
inmates serving short sentences for minor offenses
b) prisons - to house convicted felons serving long sentences

Explain that the American Prison Association

was founded in 1870 with the goal of strong
prison reform.

Identify the three major components of the criminal justice system, to include:

a) law enforcement
b) court system
c) corrections

Identify the responsibilities of the local, county, and state law enforcement agencies, to
include:

a) criminal law enforcement
b) civil processing
c) regulatory law enforcement

Identify the components of the court system, to include:

a) defense
b) prosecution
c) judge
d) clerk of the court
e) court administrator

Identify the components of the Florida correctional system, to include:

a) county jails and municipal holding facilities
b) state institutions and facilities
c) treatment and evaluation centers
d) probation, parole and community control

Identify various types of state correctional facilities, to include:

a) major institutions
b) community correctional centers
c) road prisons
d) vocational centers
e) forestry camps
f) work camps
g) probation and restitution centers
h) contract facilities
i) drug treatment centers

Identify four philosophical perspectives on why criminals are punished, to include:

a) Incapacitation
b) Retribution
c) Deterrence
d) Rehabilitation

Explain that "incapacitation"

includes the concepts of restraint and deterrence, and can be specific to an individual offender (restraint) or general to society as a whole (deterrence).

Explain that retaliation and retribution

imply that persons are accountable for their own acts, and confinement is a way to seek repayment for the debt owed to society for having violated
its laws.

Explain that "revenge"

includes the concepts of retaliation and retribution.

Explain that deterrence means that

punishment for an act should be so severe that others seeing the punishment will be motivated to avoid the act.

Explain that rehabilitation or reform implies that

while in prison inmates undergo change, so
that when they are released they will be less likely to commit further crimes.

Explain that a philosophy of rehabilitation or reform is

one reason why there are education,
counseling, and vocational training programs in prisons.

Explain that reintegration/resocialization starts from the idea that not only the individual offender must change, but change must also occur within the environment he/she will return
to, to include:

a) family
b) job
c) friends and associates
d) neighborhood

Explain that one of the responsibilities of corrections is

to provide inmates with opportunities
to change themselves and to provide encouragement for them to change.

Define "probation" as

a form of community supervision under specified terms and conditions requiring contact with a probation officer.

Explain that it is the court that determines

the terms and conditions of probation, making it a
judicial decision.

Describe probation as

an effort to prevent the stigma resulting from imprisonment which is designed to retain the probationer's ties and resources in the community.

Define "parole" as

a correctional device through which an offender, after serving less than the total sentence, is conditionally released from a penal facility under active supervision with social reintegration as the objective.

Explain that a good definition of parole

blends the legal aspects and social objectives.

Identify the purposes of parole, to include:

a) provide an incentive for appropriate behavior while incarcerated
b) reform and rehabilitate the convicted inmate so that he/she will be able to live a useful life in society

Explain that the Parole Commission has the power and duty to determine:

a) who shall be placed on parole
b) length and conditions of parole
c) violations of parole and action to be taken

Explain that parole is a function of the

Parole Commission and not a function of the courts or Department of Corrections.

Explain that, upon release by reason of gain-time

the offender is no longer under the supervision and control of any governmental authority.

Explain that community control is

an individualized program in which the freedom of anoffender is restricted within the community, home or non-institutional residential placement
with specific sanctions being imposed and enforced.

Explain that in all criminal prosecutions the accused has the right to:

a) be informed of the nature and cause of accusation(s) against him
b) be furnished a copy of the charges
c) be allowed to call witnesses
d) be able to confront trial adverse witnesses
e) be heard in person
f) have a speedy trial

Explain that inmates have a right to:

a) freedom from excessive punishments
b) legal counsel, including help from other inmates in preparation of writs, petitions and
other legal papers
c) access to an adequate law library
d) freedom of expression
e) freedom from unreasonable search and seizure
f) freedom to worship and exercise religious beliefs without interference from staff if no
danger is posed to security
g) exercise and fresh air
h) adequate medical treatment
i) send and receive mail, including correspondence with the courts
j) food that meets minimum nutritional standards

Explain the following regarding visitation:

a) convicted inmates - privileges are a matter subject to the discretion of correctional
officials (Jones vs. North Carolina Prisoners' Union)
b) pretrial detainees - must be allowed reasonable privileges and this right may not be arbitrarily restricted (Jones vs. Diamond)

Explain that the inmate has the Fifth Amendment right in

cases where he can or will be subject to a disciplinary hearing and court action.

Identify excessive punishments, to include:

a) excessive fines
b) cruel and unusual punishment
c) indefinite imprisonment

Explain that the following situations can be interpreted as "cruel and unusual punishment:"

a) gross overcrowding
b) inadequate staff
c) lack of sanitation
d) inappropriate housing assignment
e) inadequate programs

Explain that it is the administration's responsibility

to define allowable speech/behavior in
their rules and regulations, and the inmate is responsible for adhering to them.

Explain that searches shown to be conducted for the purpose of punishment or harassment

cannot be justified as reasonable or supportive of a legitimate penal aim.

Identify those faiths currently recognized as religions, to include:

a) Jewish
b) Muslim
c) Catholic
d) Protestant

Explain that inmates' rights

may be limited to ensure orderly administration of the institution or compelling state interest.

Name two basic types of privileged communication, to include:

a) communications resulting from relationships
b) communications relating to disclosure of persons who made the communication

List privileged communication resulting from relationships as provided in Chapter 90, Florida
Statutes, to include:

a) husband and wife (s. 90.504, F.S.)
b) attorney and client (s. 90.502, F.S.)
c) clergy and penitent (s. 90.505, F.S.)
d) psychotherapist and patient (s. 90.503, F.S.)
e) accountant and client (s. 90.5055, F.S.)
f) sexual assault counselor and victim (s. 90.5035, F.S.)
g) journalistic privilege and source identity (s. 90.5015, F.S.)

Identify methods of ensuring an inmate's right to privileged communications with his legal
counsel, to include:

a) visits do not have to conform to normal visiting hours
b) visits with legal counsel may be observed but not overheard
c) legal correspondence may be opened to inspect for contraband, but must be opened in
the presence of the inmate

Explain that the basic reason for privileged communication is to

protect relationships or other rights and interests where the protection is considered more important than the need for the evidence.

Describe the provisions of s. 90.507, F.S., as to waiver of right to privileged communications, to include that the person or his predecessor while holder of the privilege:

a) voluntarily discloses or makes the communication when there is not reasonable
expectation of privacy; or
b) consents to disclosure of any significant part of the matter or communication

State that as a correctional officer

the primary responsibility is the supervision, protection, care, treatment, custody and control of inmates within a correctional institution.

Demonstrate that one of the responsibilities of a correctional officer is to

maintain order within the jail or prison.

Identify that a correctional officer may inspect legal correspondence for

contraband only and must do so in the presence of the inmate.

Identify that a correctional officer may move an inmate to an isolating status before a hearing if

he poses a real danger to self, others, or property.

Explain that a correctional officer is responsible for preparing a written report for

disciplinary actions against inmates for rules and regulations violations.

Identify that a correctional officer has a responsibility to conduct inmate searches to

control the introduction and movement of contraband, prevent disruption of the institution, and
prevent escapes.

Identify that a correctional officer may search visitors

with electronic searching devices prior
to contact visits.

Explain that a correctional officer may search the cell and seize contraband

at any time and should document these searches and any contraband seized.

Explain that a correctional officer may use only that amount of physical force necessary to

subdue a violent inmate or to remove an inmate from the general population if there is immediate danger of destruction of life, limb, or property.

Explain that in a jail situation

pretrial inmates should be kept separate from sentenced inmates whenever possible.

Correctional Officer Bill of Rights

Chapter 112, F.S.

correctional officer rights and privileges extend to

investigations and interrogations by
member of his/her agency

rights and privileges apply to investigation/interrogation for

any reason that could lead to disciplinary action, suspension, demotion, or dismissal (s. 112.532(1), F.S.)

interrogation shall be conducted at a reasonable

hour, preferably when the officer is on duty (s. 112.532(1)(a), F.S.)

interrogation shall take place at the office of

the command of the investigating officer
or at the office of correctional unit in which the alleged incident occurred (s. 112.532(1)(b), F.S.)

the correctional officer under investigation shall be informed of

the rank, name, and command of the officer in charge of the investigation, the interrogating officer, and all persons present during the interrogation (s. 112.532(1)(c), F.S.)

all questions directed to the correctional officer under interrogation

shall be asked by or through one interroragator during any one investigative interrogation (s.
112.532(1)(c), F.S.)

the officer must be informed of the nature of the investigation

before any interrogation begins (s. 112.532(1)(d), F.S.)

the officer must be informed of the names of all complainants and be allowed to review the complaint and all statements made by the complainant(s) and witness(es);

all other existing evidence, including incident reports, GPS locator information, and audio or video recordings relating to the incident under investigation must be provided before the beginning of any investigative review (s. 112.532(1)(d), F.S.)

interrogation sessions shall be for reasonable periods and shall be

timed to allow for such personal necessities and rest periods as are reasonably necessary (s. 112.532(1)(e), F.S.)

the officer may not be subjected to

offensive language or be threatened with transfer,
dismissal or disciplinary action (s. 112.532(1)(f), F.S.)

a promise or reward may not be made as

an inducement to answer any questions (s. 112.532(1)(f), F.S.)

if the officer under interrogation is under arrest, or is likely to be placed under arrest as a result of the interrogation

he/she shall be completely informed of all his/her rights, before commencing the interrogation (s. 112.532(1)(h), F.S.)

any officer under investigation may request representation by counsel or

any other representative of his or her choice, who shall be present at all times during the interrogation whenever the interrogation relates to the officer's continued fitness for service (s. 112.532(1)(i), F.S.)

a complaint review board shall be composed

of three members (s. 112.532(2), F.S.)

agencies with more than 100 officers shall

have a complaint review board with five members (s. 112.532(2), F.S.)

the board members shall be

officers within the county (s. 112.532(2), F.S.)

audio tape recordings must be

made of formal interrogations (s. 112.532(1)(g), F.S.)

audio tape recordings must be made of

recess periods during a formal interrogation (s.
112.532(1)(g), F.S.)

no unrecorded questions or statements shall be

made during formal interrogation of the correctional officer (s. 112.532(1)(g), F.S.)

upon request, the correctional officer shall be provided a copy of

any recording no later than 72 hours, excluding holidays and weekends, following said interrogation (s. 112.532(1)(g), F.S.)

the correctional officer shall have the right to review his/her personnel file

during a reasonable time and place under the supervision of the designated records custodian (s. 112.533(3), F.S.)

the correctional officer may file a written statement

in response to items the officer identifies as derogatory in the personnel file (s. 112.533(3), F.S.)

copies of items in the personnel file identified as derogatory by the officer must be

made available to the officer (s. 112.533(3), F.S.)

every officer shall have the right to bring civil suit against any person, group of
persons, organizations or corporations, for damages, either pecuniary or otherwise, suffered during performance of the officer's duties or for

abridgement of the officer's
civil rights arising out of the performance of official duties (s. 112.532(3), F.S.)

a dismissal, demotion, transfer, reassignment, or other personnel action that might result in loss of pay or benefits or other punitive measure may not

be taken against the officer unless the officer is notified of the action and the reason(s) for the action before the effective date of the action (s. 112.532(4)(a), F.S.)

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