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anemia

"without blood" - Low Red Blood Count

excise

to cut out

polyuria

excessive amount of urine

anatomy

the study of the structure of the body

cholecystectomy

excision of the gallbladder

hemorrhoidectomy

excision of the hemorrhoids

oophorectomy

exicision of the ovary

cystectomy

excision of the bladder

excision

to remove or take out

incision

to cut into

arthr/o

joint

bronch/o

bronchus

cardi/o

heart

carp/o

wrist

cerebr/o

cerebrum

cervic/o

cervix

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

chondr/o

cartilage

col/o

colon

colp/o

vagina

cost/o

rib

crani/o

cranium (skull)

cyst/o

bladder

dent/o

teeth

derm/o

skin

encaphal/o

brain

gastr/o

stomach

hepa, hepat/o

liver

hyster/o

uterus

mast/o

breast

my/o

muscle

neur/o

nerve

nephr/o

kidney

oste/o

bone

pneum/o

lungs

proct/o

rectum, anus

pyel/o

pelvis of kidney

rhin/o

nose

spondyl/o

vertebra

thyr/o

thyroid gland

trache/o

trachea

-ostomy

new permanent opening (ie, colostomy)

-otomy

incision into (ie, tracheotomy)

gyne

woman

ile/o

ileum (small intestine)

irid/o

iris (eye)

jejun/o

jejunum (small intestine)

kerat/o

cornea of eye

lamina

thin, flat part of vertebra

laryng/o

larynx (voice box)

lingua

tongue

lobe

lobe, as of lung

metr/o

uterus

myring/o

eardrum

oophor/o

ovary

ophthalm/o

eye

orchi/o

testicle

orchid/o

testicle

pancreat/o

pancreas

pharyng/o

throat

phleb/o

vein

pod/o

foot

ren/o

kidney

sacr/o

sacrum

salping/o

fallopian tube

sigmoid/o

lower portion of colon

steth/o

chest

stomat/o

mouth

ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o

tendon

thorac/o

thorax (chest)

tympan/o

eardrum

ureter/o

ureter

urethr/o

urethra

vas/o

vessel

ven/o

vein

cranio

skull only

cephalo

head

cerebro

part of brain

encephalo

entire brain

nephro

entire kidney

reno

entire kidney

pyelo

pelvis of kidney

-ectomy

excision of

-oplasty

plastic surgery on

-opexy

surgical fixation

-orrhaphy

surgical repair of

-otripsy

crushing

-ocentesis

puncture (tapping)

-ectasis or ectasia

stretching (dilating)

-osis, iasis

condition of

-itis

inflammation of

-opathy

any disease of

-algia or dynia

pain

-cele

hernia, swelling

-orrhagia

excessive bleeding

The four signs of inflammation are

swelling, pain, heat, redness

a-, an-, ar- (ie, anemic)

without or not

ad- (ie, adduction)

near, toward

ab- (ie, abnormal)

away from

anti- (i.e. antibiotic)

against

ante- (i.e. anteflexion)

before, forward

contra- (i.e. contraindicated)

against or not

dis- (i.e. disease)

from

dys- (i.e. dysuria)

painful or difficult

hemi- (i.e. hemiplegia)

half (one side)

-plegia

paralysis

hyper- (i.e. hypertension)

too much, high

hypo- (i.e. hypodermic)

not enough, low or under

inter- (i.e. intercostal)

between

intra- (i.e. intramuscular)

within

-oscope

instrument for looking into

-oscopy

procedure using a scope

-otome

instrument for cutting thin section

-ograph

instrument (or machine) that records

-ography

diagnostic procedure

-ogram

recording or "picture" produced by an "-ography" procedure

-ometer

instrument that measures or counts

-ometry, -imetry

procedure using the measuring or counting instrument

bio- (i.e. bioethics)

life

brady- (i.e. bradycardia)

slow

tachy- (i.e. tachycardia)

fast

de- (i.e. dehydrate)

take away, remove

re- (i.e. rehudrate)

put back

dia- (i.e. diarrhea)

through (as in running through)

hemo- (i.e. hematemesis)

blood

hydro- (i.e. hydrate)

water

hyper- (i.e. hypertension)

high; too much

hypo- (i.e. hypotension)

low; not enough; under

lip- (i.e. lipoma)

fat

poly- (i.e. polyuria)

many, much

pre- (i.e. prenatal)

before

pro- (i.e. prognosis)

preceding, coming

post- (i.e. postpartum)

following, after

-olysis, -olytic, -olyzed

destruction, to separate out

-oma

tumor (new growth), neoplasm, space-occupying lesion

-oid

like, similar to

-plasia

growth (cell)

-trophy

development

-malacia

softening

-orrhea

flow or discharge

-pnea (pneumo-)

breathing, air, lungs

-paresis

weakness (less than paralysis)

bacteria

Bacteria are larger, easily grown in the lab, and can be seen with regular microscopes. Generally they can be treated successfully with antibiotics however, many bacteria are now becoming resistant to antibiotics.

viruses

Viruses are so small that they can only be seen with an electron microscope, cannot be grown on artificial media, and are not successfully treated by antibiotics.

chromo-

color

erythro-

red

leuko-

white

melano-

black

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