Chapters 21 - 24 The Plant Kingdom Vocabulary List

47 terms by Hyper95

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Here is a huge list of vocabulary for the Plant Kingdom.

Leaf

A broad, flat structure of a plant that traps light energy for photosynthesis.

Cuticle

A waxy waterproof coating.

Nonvascular Plant

Do not have vascular tissues.

Root

Plant organ that absorbs water and nutrients from the soil.

Seed

Contains an embryo, along with a food supply, covered by a protective coat.

Stem

Provides structural support for upright growth and contains tissues for transporting foods.

Vascular Plant

Have vascular tissues.

Vascular Tissue

Made up of tubelike, elongated cells through which water, food, and other materials are transported

Cone

Scaly structures that support male or female reproductive structures

Frond

Seedless vascular plants.

Rhizome

Thick underground stem

Annuals

Trees that live for a year or less.

Biennials

Have a life span that lasts two years

Cotyledon

Tiny seed leaves that store or absorb food for the developing embryo.

Deciduous Plants

Lose all their leaves at the same time.

Dicotyledon

Have two seed .leaves.

Embryo

The earliest stage of an organism's development

Fruit

The ripened ovary of a flower

Monocotyledons

Have one seed leaf

Ovule

The female gametophyte is contained within a sporophyte

Perennials

Live for several years producing flowers

Pollen Grain

Includes sperm cells, nutrients, and a protective outer covering.

Apical Meristem

Found at or near the tips of roots or stems

Collenchyma

Long cells with unevenly thickended cell walls

Cork Cambium

Producers a tough covering for the stem and roots

Epidermis

Composed of flattened parenchyma cells that cover all parts of the plant.

Meristem

Regions of actively dividing cells.

Phloem

Made up of a series of tubular cells

Parenchyma

Most abudant kind of plant cells

Sclerenchyma

Have very thick and rigid walls.

Stomata

Openings in the cuticle of the leaf

Vascular Cambium

Produces new xylem and phloem cells in the stems and roots

Vessel Element

Tubular cells that transport water throughout the plant

Xylem

Plant tissue composed tubular cells

Endodermis

Single layer of cells that forms a waterproof seal

Mesophyll

The photosynthetic tissue of a leaf

Petiole

The stalk of some leaves

Root Cap

Covers the tip of each root withs its tough, protective layer of parenchyma cells

Anther

At the tip of the stamen

Ovary

The bottom portion of the pistil enlarges

Petals

Leaflike structures arranged in a circle around the top of a flower stem

Pistil

The female structure of a flower

Sepals

Leaflike and encircle the flower stem beneath the petals

Stamens

Male reproductive structure

Dormancy

The period of inactivity in a mature seed

Endosperm

The food storage tissue that supports development of the embryo

Germination

The beginning of development of embryo into a new plant.

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