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forecasting labor demand and supply

the first step in the human resource planning process is

the analysis of the labor supply and demand

the goals that are set in the human resource planning process should come directly from

Downsizing

Which of the following options for reducing an expected labor surplus has the benefit of being a relatively fast solution, but the disadvantage of being high in human suffering?

transfers and work sharing.

Your company's primary concern is to reduce an expected labor surplus fast; its secondary concern is to minimize human suffering. The options that would best address the company's concerns (in the priority indicated) are

overtime

A small company that manufactures special-order wood furniture has kept its employees busy on a 40-hour-a-week schedule for the past two years. The company just received the largest contract in its history from a Saudi company opening offices in the area. There is no expectation of repeat business from the Saudi company. In order to complete the contract in the required six months, additional skilled woodworking peoplepower is needed. Under these circumstances, to avoid an expected labor shortage, the best option would be

Having the right product mix at the right time

Which one of the following is most likely to represent a core competency for a retail store?

downsizing efforts reduce the firm's overall competitiveness.

Reasons for the failure of most downsizing efforts to live up to expectations include all of the following except:

The acute shortage of qualified younger workers has resulted in employers offering increased incentives to older workers to remain on the job.

Several forces are drawing out older workers' careers. Which is not one of them?

recruitment

In human resource management, any practice or activity carried out by the organization with the primary purpose of identifying and attracting potential employees is known as

The job vacancy characteristics

Which of the following tends to have the most positive influence on job choice decisions?

all of the above

predictive validation is better than concurrent validation because

people applying for computer technician jobs in your company

you want to establish the validity of test designed for computer technicians using predictive criterion-related validation strategy. to do so, you must administer the test to

content

a construction firm is in need of a construction superintendent, whose primary responsibilities involve organizing, supervising, and inspecting the work of several subcontractors. it administers a construction-error recognition test, where an applicant enters into a shed that has been specially constructed to have 25 common and expensive errors and where he or she is asked to record as many of these problems as can be detected. what type of validation is being used

greater utility

when the economic consequences to an organization of failure versus success on the job are great, testing has

under the immigration reform and control act of 1986, employers may no longer hold u.s citizenship

which of the following statements is false

how many days of work did you miss in your last job because you were sick

which one of the following interview questions is not permitted under the Americans with disabilities act

they are not subject to validation requirements

employers use application blanks for all but one of the following reasons

administering commercially available personality tests generally violate equal opportunity employment requirements

which one of the following statements about personality traits and related test is false

be routinely administered to all clerical and managerial employees

employers should ensure that their drug testing programs conform to all but one of the following guidelines

situational

during an interview for a sales position, you are asked the following question " suppose one of your clients refuses to speak to you after yu lost one of his orders; what whould you do to regain his business?" what type of interview format is being used?

training

An organization's planned effort to help employees learn job-related knowledge, skills, abilities, and behaviors is known as

conducting a needs assessment.

The first step in the instructional design process is

Objectives help HR professionals identify the situational constraints within the work environment

Benefits of establishing objectives for a training program include all but one of the following. Name the exception

Request for proposal

When seeking an outside vendor for a training program, this document outlines the type of service needed, the number of employees to be trained, the date by which the training is to be completed, the source of funding, and the methods of evaluation.

It is not necessary if the organization sends employees to outside training programs.

Which one of the following statements is not true of training administration?

lack of active participation

One of the disadvantages of classroom instruction as a training method is its

an electronic performance support system.

You manage a car dealership affiliated with one of the Big Three U.S. automakers. Given the increasing complexity and variety of today's automobiles, it is impossible to train your mechanics on the details of every potential repair problem. Thus, in cooperation with corporate headquarters, you have a training program whereby mechanics learn the basis of engine, emission, and other types of repair, but in the case of a particular problem, seek expert advice or additional information through an on-line computer application program. This approach is known as

Internship

This type of on-the-job training program is generally sponsored by an educational institution as a component of its academic program and generally prepares students for professional careers.

action learning.

Giving teams or work groups an actual problem, having them work on solving it and commit to an action plan, and holding them accountable for carrying out the plan describes

People tend to benefit most from long practice sessions, rather than from ongoing shorter sessions.

Which one of the following statements about training and learning is not true?

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