SS Unit 5 Quiz

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1789

Year Washington was elected Pres. for the first time

John Adams

Washington's Vice-Pres.

set up the courts, choose a cabinet, stabilize the economy

These three objectives were on Washington's agenda

Federal Judiciary Act

Gave the Supreme Court six judges, including Chief Justice

John Jay

Washington's Chief Justice

Presidential Cabinet

Heads of departments who assist the Pres.

Henry Knox

Washington's Secretary of War

Thomas Jefferson

Washington's Secretary of State

Alexander Hamilton

Washington's Secretary of Treasury

Edmund Randolph

Washington's Attorney General

Hamilton's goals for fixing the economy

Establish financial stability, be friendly to the most powerful financial interests, encourage economic development

Establish the nation's credit worthiness

1st step in Hamilton's Program

Creation of a new national debt

2nd step in Hamilton's Program

Create a national bank

3rd Step in Hamilton's Program

Tax on whiskey to raise revenue

4th Step in Hamilton's Program

Impose Tariffs

5th Step in Hamilton's Program

Payoff old debts from the war, promotes confidence

Results of establishing the new nation's credit worthiness

Results of creation of a new national debt

Old debts replaced w/ interest-bearing bonds, wealthy men who buy bonds have an economic stake in country's well being

Results of creation of a nat. bank

Private corporation, had public funds, issue paper money, make loans to the gov't, stock

Indian Territory

In this challenge, Washington had to decide what to do with he Indians when the Americans settled west to their territory

Indian Territory

Washington could either drive the Indians westward, kill them, or bring them into American culture as a result of this challenge

Indian Territory

As a solution to this challenge, Washington drove the Indians out (Battle of Fallen Timbers) and he signed the Treaty of Greenville with them

Treaty of Greenville

The U.S. received Ohio & Indiana from this treaty

French Revolution

In this challenge, Washington had to decide whether to support the French or the British

French Revolution

As a solution to this challenge, Washington remained neutral b/c a lot of the economy relied on the Americans' trade w/ Britain but they just signed the Treaty of Paris w/ France

British seized cargoes of American ships in West Indies but they had the Treaty of Paris w/ French

For this reason, remaining neutral in the French Revolution was a challenge for Washington

Remaining Neutral

As a solution to this challenge, Washington sent John Jay to England to talk about the seizure of ships where they formed Jay's Treaty, and Washington sided w/ Britain

Jay's Treaty

The agreement that ended dispute over American shipping during the French Revolution

Tariff

A tax on imported goods

Battle of Fallen Timbers

In 1794, an American army defeated 2,000 Native Americans in this battle over control of the Northwest Territory.

Whiskey Rebellion

A 1794 protest against the gov't's tax on whiskey, which was valuable to the livelihood of backcountry farmers

French Revolution

In 1789, the French launched this movement for liberty and equality

Political Party

A group of people that tries to promote its ideas and influence government and backs candidates for office

XYZ Affair

A 1797 incident in which French officials demanded a bribe from U.S. diplomatsa

Alien and Sedition Acts

A series of four laws enacted in 1798 to reduce the political power of recent immigrants to the U.S.

Whiskey Rebellion

In this challenge, Washington had to decide what to do about farmers rebelling about tax on whiskey

Whiskey Rebellion

As a result to this challenge, Washington sent an army of 13,000 soldiers that put down the uprising

Thomas Jefferson

John Adams defeated this man in the Election of 1796

Federalists

John Adams was in this party

Democratic-Republicans

Thomas Jefferson was in this party

Thomas Jefferson

John Adams's Vice-Pres.

XYZ Affair

The French seizing American ships led to this

3 diplomats

Adams sent these people to France to stop them from seizing American ships

French Officials

These people were named X, Y, Z

$10 million loan & $250,000 bribe

X, Y, Z demanded that the U.S. give the French these in order to talk to them

Praised

This happened to Adams after he rejected the French's offer in the XYZ Affair

Rejected

The Americans did this to the French's demand for money

Seize French ships

Adams w/ Congress allow American ships to do this in response to the XYZ Affair

Adams and Hamilton

Federalist party leaders

Madison and Jefferson

D-R party leaders

National Gov't-more powerful

Federalists belief on whether the nat. or state gov't should be stronger

Federalists

This party opposed the French Revo.

D-Rs

This party supported the French Revo.

Feared mob rule

Reason why the Federalists opposed the French Revo.

D-Rs

This party thought that a move to crush the French Revo. was an attack on liberty everywhere

Federalists

This party supported Jay's Treaty

D-Rs

This party opposed Jay's Treaty

Wanted to maintain trade w/ Britain

Federalists reason for supporting Jay's Treaty

Wanted to support France in their revo.

D-Rs reason for opposing Jay's Treaty

Federalists

This party supported the A & S Acts

D-Rs

This party opposed the A & S Acts

Federalists

This party supported the A & S Acts b/c Criticism of them was banned & at the time of war they would suspend rights

Called laws unconstitutional and wanted more state's rights

D-Rs reasons for opposing the A & S Acts

Merchants , manufacturers, lawyers clergy

Supporters of Federalists

Farmers & workers

Supporters of D-Rs

Supported it

Federalists felt this way about a nat. bank

Worried

D-Rs felt this was about a nat. bank

Farmers

D-Rs thought the economy should be based on these people

Wealthy merchants & manufacturers

Federalists thought the economy should be based on these people

Thomas Jefferson

This person supported farmers, opposed the A & S Acts and public debt, wrote the Constitution, & fired federal employees

Alexander Hamilton

This person supported the British in the French Revo, a nat. bank, strong nat. gov't, & a gov't based on England's as much as possible

John Adams

This person was defeated by Thomas Jefferson in the election of 1800

73

# of votes Jefferson & Aaron Burr received for President

36

# of times it took the House of Reps. to elect Jefferson

Aaron Burr

Jefferson's Vice-Pres.

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