Indonesia's diverse musical genres
were significant to the "Unity in diversity" movement after independence from the Dutch in 1945
A style of gamelan music that is virtuosic and often combines elements from other musical genres.
In Hindu-Balinese cosmology Gamelan music
communicates with and between the upper, middle, and lower worlds.
Beleganjur music intimidates and drives away evil spirits (bhutas and leyaks)who are said to travel
to the earthly Middle World in order to cause harm to people and departing souls (atma) of the dead.
7. The Beleganjur cremation procession begins at
home of the deceased and ends at the Temple of the Dead, where the cremation occurs.
In Balinese cosmology crossroads are
dangerous places where evil spirits hang out. The beleganjur music becomes less interlocking or syncopated at the crossroads.
Beleganjur music was used for
actual battles in Bali before Dutch rule. Now it is used in martial arts shadow puppet plays known as wayang kulit as well as musical battles between beleganjur groups known as lomba beleganjur.
In India approximately
200 Languages are spoken, 1,600 Dialects, and Hindi and English are recognized as the national languages.
Stories about Radha who loved and sought after the god Krishna make up
the lyrical content of almost all Hindustani classical music.
a Sufi musical tradition featuring songs lyrics about love, longing, or devotion to the divine (Allah).
Sufi term meaning the state of oneness or ecstasy with the divine which can be reached through music.
Hindustani vocal music of North India that has a long and well recorded history due to the patronage of noble classes
In the 1960s Vishwa Mohan Bhatt, a classically trained Indian musician, modified a
guitar to play raga like a sitar
John Coltrane played in
Miles Davis's band and was kicked out because of drug usage. While detoxing he had a spiritual awakening.
"Within You, Without You" on Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band featured
tabla, sitar, and raga-like features.
29. John McLaughlin left Miles Davis's band to
his own group which he named the Mahavishnu Orchestra which featured Indian, Jazz, and rock influences.
In 1975 McLaughlin formed another group called
Shakti in which all other members were Indian classical musicians by training.
At the time of filming The Gods Must be Crazy, white South Africans had moved the Kung San off their land, placed them in concentration camps, and forced them to
fight for white South Africans against other Namibians.
The director of the film, Jamie Uys, paid the Kung San to
enact false European stereotypes of Africans on screen in order to provide comical entertainment for popular audiences in Europe and the United States
Even though the Kung San were paid very little, The Gods Must be Crazy won
the César film award in France and the Grand Prix at the International Film Festival.
Early Christian missionaries from Europe in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries "made examples" of
Africans playing music which they referred to as "Asses Music" and "Noise."
Agbekor is an
Ewe war dance, used when entering into battle with the Fon, a neighboring ethnic group
accompaniment drums that Dagomba drummers historically view as having non-Dagomba origins.
Dagomba lungas are referred to by many Westerners as
"talking drums," a term attributed to drums across much of West Africa and the rest of the continent.
"Praise name drumming" is
the art of reconstructing history through the honorific "talk" of the lungas
The Kouyate family of jelilu traces its lineage back to the first Mande chief, King Sunjata and therefore
hold the highest rank among jeli families
A xylophone type idiophone that is constructed of between 17 and 21 hard wooden slats of different lengths suspended over a wooden frame
The Kora is an
instrument played by the hereditary class of musicians of Mande culture known as jelilu or jelis.