a believer or follower of Islam
east of egypt, south of israel, birth place of muhammad, red sea, indian ocean, persian gulf
the head of an Arab tribe
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace
City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca. (p. 231)
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
the fourth caliph of Islam who is considered to be the first caliph by Shiites
Companion of 1st muslim leader after Muhammad. Regarded by Sunni's as the 1st caliph and rightful succesor. The Shi'ah regard him as a traitor of Muhammad. Known as best interpretter of dreams following Muhammad's death.
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad, a follower of the majority branch of Islam, which feels that successors to Muhammad are to be chosen by the Muslim community
A member of the branch of Islam that supports the descendants of Muhammad as his rightful successors
First Islamic dynasty. they ruled from Damascus.
Holy book of Islam
(Islam) a Muslim place of worship
communication of knowledge to man by a divine or supernatural agency
the angel who came to Muhammad and recited messages from God
A small, cubical building in the courtyard of the Great Mosque at Mecca containing a sacred black stone: regarded by Muslims as the House of Allah (God).
a supreme political and religious leader in a Muslim government
Holy month in which believers of Islam must fast during the time the sun is up and pray
largest Islamic country in the world
a member of a Semitic people originally from the Arabian peninsula and surrounding territories who speaks Arabic and who inhabits much of the Middle East and northern Africa
the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah
(Zakaah): one of the most important principles of Islam; all things belong to God, and wealth is therefore held by humans in trust. It means both purification and growth. Our possessions are purified by setting aside a proportion for those in need. Each calculates their own zakat personally; for most, it involves the payment of two and half percent of one's capital.
the code of law derived from the Koran and from the teachings and example of Mohammed
Muhammad's migration from Mecca to (Yathrib) Medina
beliefs that all Muslims needed to carry out: Faith, Prayer, Alms, Fasting, and Pilgrimage
money or property brought by a woman to her husband at marriage, a payment (gift) of money or property to the bride in the ISlamic religion. Islam permits up to 4 wives