The Unofficial AP English Language and Composition Vocabulary Guide Week 22

35 terms by LydiaJ

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

meiosis

1. a figure of speech that is saying less than what is truly meant (understatement)

meiosis

2. sometimes used as another word for litotes

meiosis

3. in biology, a process of cell division (two nuclear divisions in rapid succession) in sexually reproducing organisms resulting in forming four gametocytes with half the number of chromosomes of the somatic cells

metaphor

1. a figure of speech that directly compares one thing to another, without the use of "like" or "as"
Example: He's a bear in the mornings. (Meaning he is grumpy and gruff)
Example: She's drowning in homework. (Meaning there is so much homework, she is overwhelmed)

extended metaphor

1. a comparison of two things that goes beyond one line of text

conceit

1. in literature, another word for extended metaphor

conceit

2. vanity or smug self-satisfaction (pride, self-importance, arrogance)

conceit

3. a fanciful idea or notion

onomatopoeia

1. a word created from the sound that is associated with the object, idea, or action

oxymoron

1. a figure of speech that uses contradictory terms placed side by side for effect

paralipsis

1. the rhetorical device of professing to say little or nothing of a subject (the pretense of
passing over information), but in essence, you are drawing attention to the information, as in not to mention that it cost us a fortune

pathetic fallacy

1. treating an inanimate object as if it had human feelings or ideas

periphrasis

1. using more words when one (or few) words will do (wordiness, circumlocution)

personification

1. placing human attributes on things or ideas, for effect

personification

2. the act of personifying

anthropomorphism

1. giving animals or gods human attributes

pantheism

1. the view that nature and the universe are God

pun

1. a humorous play on words; there are many types of ~s, including a recursive ~, compound ~, homographic ~, homonymic ~, and homophonic ~.

sarcasm

1. mocking, often contemptuous and bitter, ironic words

simile

1. a figure of speech comparing two unlike things while using the words "like" or "as"

synaesthesia

1. also spelled synesthesia, in literature, using one sense to describe another, i.e. "a prickly sound" or "it sounded wooly"

synaesthesia

2. in science, when one sense evokes another, i.e. when you hear a sound, and it makes
the individual see a color

synecdoche

1. in literature, a figure of speech where a part describes a whole

repudiate

1. refuse to accept (reject, disclaim, renounce, deny, disown, disavow)

orator

1. a person with pubic speaking skills

orator

2. a person delivering a speech

paragon

1. perfect example (model, ideal, archetype) [noun]

paragon

2. to compare with [verb]

prevaricate

1. to intentionally lie or create a negative or false impression, to deceive (hedge, evade)

extrinsic

1. non-essential

extrinsic

2. coming from the outside (external)

intrinsic

1. inherent (built-in)

intrinsic

2. essential (fundamental)

certitude

1. confidence in conviction, sureness (certainty)

proclivity

1. natural bent (propensity, penchant, inclination)

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set