Point of View Chart

30 terms by BakerStreet

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First Person: Voice

Narrator uses first person pronouns (I, my, mine, we, our, us)

First Person: Consciousness

Access to narrator's consciousness

First Person: Position and Presence

told through the eyes of the main character, minor character, or outside observer

First Person: Reliability

Narrator reliable when observer is used, but may not be reliable when told by character. Narrator may be naive or biased

First Person:Use in Modern Fiction

frequently used

First Person: Other Features

1. fosters illusions of reality 2. allows author comments 3. establishes intimate relationship between reader and narrator 4. provides structural unity 5. because of subjectivity, may be less reliable

Third Person Omniscient: Voice

mostly third person pronouns (he, she); first person rarely

Third Person Omniscient: Consciousness

access to consciousness of more than one character, perhaps all

Third Person Omniscient: Position and Presence

seen through the eyes of outside observer, whose presence is pervasive

Third Person Omniscient: Reliability

If observer is used or if speaker is not emotionally involved with story or character

Third Person Omniscient: Use in Modern Fiction

Used often

Third Person Omniscient: Other Features

1. allows great scope and flexibility 2. permits author intrusions,editorializing, evaluations, and comments 3. more reliable than first person perspective

Third Person Limited Omniscient: Voice

third person pronouns

Third Person Limited Omniscient: Consciousness

access to consciousness of one character

Third Person Limited Omniscient: Position and Presence

seen through the eyes of an outside observer, protagonist, or minor character whose presence dominates

Third Person Limited Omniscient: Reliability

when observer is used; less so when character used or narrator intrudes or comments

Third Person Limited Omniscient: Use in Modern Fiction

Frequently used

Third Person Limited Omniscient: Other Features

1. fosters illusions of reality 2. allows author comments 3. provides intimacy between reader and narrator 4. provides structural unity 5. combines scope of omniscient and immediacy of first person narration

Third Person Objective or Impersonal: Voice

third person

Third Person Objective or Impersonal: Consciousness

little to no access to character's consciousness

Third Person Objective or Impersonal: Position and Presence

seen through the eyes of an outside observer

Third Person Objective or Impersonal: Reliability

reliable as narrator describes, "shows", or reports the action in dramatic scenes

Third Person Objective or Impersonal: Use in Modern Fiction

Infrequently used

Third Person Objective or Impersonal: Other Features

1. reliable as narrator merely reports without introducing his own comments or judgements 2. leaves much interpretation to the reader 3. restricted-little intimacy 4. also called "the fly on the wall technique"

Stream of Consciousness: Voice

third person pronouns

Stream of Consciousness: Consciousness

unbroken flow of perceptions, thoughts, and feelings in mind

Stream of Consciousness: Position and Presence

narrator records in detail what passes through character's awareness; narrator doesn't intervene or interpret

Stream of Consciousness: Reliability

reliable unless character's thoughts are random, immature, or fantastic

Stream of Consciousness: Use in Modern Fiction

frequent in modern fiction

Stream of Consciousness: Other Features

1. presents an unbroken flow of perceptions, thoughts,and feelings in the waking mind 2. relies heavily on dialogue either interior or exterior 3. little action

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