referred to as the Oral Sensory Stage (baby puts every thing in mouth) During this period, infants develop a sense of trust or mistrust, largely depending on how well their needs are met by their caregivers. Significant relationship with the MATERNAL PARENT or CONSTANT CAREGIVER
a stage in which we are neither a child or adult, try to find our own identity, struggle with social interactions and grapple w/ moral issues. Go through period of Moratorium. Unsuccessful through this stage will experience role confusion and upheaval. Most significant relationship, PEERS.
Initiative vs. Guilt
Innitiative in creating play situations, playing out roles, exploring the world with "Why". Social role identification, if we are fustrated over natural desires and goals, we may easily experience guilt. Most significant relationship is with BASIC FAMILY.
withdrawing from responsibilities
6 True/False Questions
Name of Erikson's Stage: 18 months to 3 years → Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt
Name of Erikson's Stage: adolescence to adulthood (12-18 years) → Generativity vs. Stagnation/Self-Absorption
Erikson → was influenced by Freud, he believed that the ego exists from birth and that behaviour is not totally defensive.
Key issue(s): Erikson's Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt → During this stage we learn to master skills for ourselves and have the opportunity to build self esteem and autonomy as we gain control over our bodies. If we are shamed during potty training or other skills we may feel great shame and doubt. TERRIBLE TWO'S Most significant relationship w/ PARENTS
Name of Erikson's Stage: late adulthood (55 or 65 to death) → Generativity vs. Stagnation/Self-Absorption
Key issue(s): Ego Integrity vs. Despair → We can experience intimacy on a deep level. If we're not successful, isolation and distance others may occur. World can begin to shrink. Most significant relationships MARITAL PARTNERS AND FRIENDS.