Asessment Eye, Ear

26 terms by acole11 

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accommodation

the process by which the eye's lens changes shape to focus near or far objects on the retina

blepharitis

inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts

canthus

either of the corners of the eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet

caruncle

found in the medial canthus, it is a small fleshy mass containing sebacceous glands

cataract

loss of transparency or cloudiness in the crystalline lens of the eye

cornea

the transparent outer covering of the eye

cerumen

a soft yellow wax secreted by glands in the ear canal

fixation

active alignment of the line of sight in one or both eyes on a stationary object or person

glaucoma

group of diseases of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure that results in damage to the optic nerve, producing defects in vision

hyperopic

Able to see objects at a distance clearly but having trouble seeing things up close; farsighted

limbus

the border between the cornea and the sclera

macular degeneration

thinning or torn membrane in the center of the retina

miosis

reflex contraction of the sphincter muscle of the iris in response to a bright light (or certain drugs) causing the pupil to become smaller

mydriasis

dilation of the pupil of the eye

myopic

nearsighted

otalgia

an ache localized in the middle or inner ear

otosclerosis

hardening of the bony tissue in the ear

PERRLA

Pupils Equally Reactive and Responsive to Light and Accomodation

photophobia

pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light (often associated with albinism)

presbyopia

farsightedness; person can see print and objects from farther away than considered normal

presbycusis

inability to hear high-frequency sounds or to discriminate a variety of simultaneous sounds caused by degeneration of the hair cells in the inner ear

ptosis

drooping eyelids

punctum

the opening in the lacrimal drainage system in the upper and lower eyelids

Rinne test

hearing test using a tuning fork; checks for differences in bone conduction and air conduction

tinnitus

ringing in the ears

Weber test

hearing test using a tuning fork; distinguishes between conductive and sensorineural hearing loss

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