thin, milky fluid secreted by the breast during pregnancy and during the first days after birth before lactation begins
the suspensory ligaments that support the breast tissue and extend vertically from the surface to attach on the chest wall muscles.
indentation or retraction of subcutaneous tissue
Abnormal development of breast tissue in males
on or relating to the same side (of the body)
Inflammation of the breast
small elevated sebaceous glands in the areola. they secrete a protective lipid material during lactation
X-ray film of the soft tissue of the breast
dimpling, pitting, and swelling, seen in skin that is considerably inflamed or that overlies inflammatory carcinoma of the breast.
more than two nipples
tail of Spence
the superior lateral corner of breast tissue, which projects into the axillae
abnormal breath sounds heard during auscultation of the lung fields; may include rales (crackles), rhonchi (wheezes), or pleural friction rubs
angle of Louis
used in counting ribs, it is at the level of the second rib
cessation of breathing
collapse of a lung
slow breathing pattern less than 10/min
Occurs with increased transmission of sound as in consolidation. Client says "99", words heard clearly and distinctly.
process of becoming solid, especially in connection with the lungs
popping sounds heard on auscultation of the lung when air enters diseased airways and alveoli- occurs in disorders such as bronchiectasis or atelectasis
Areas of the lungs outside the alveoli where gas exchange with the blood does not take place.
difficult or labored respiration
percussing to map out the lower lung border during expiration and inspiration
a change in the voice sound of a patient with pleural effusion or pneumonia as heard on auscultation. When the patient is asked to make /ē-ē-ē/ sounds, they are heard over the peripheral chest wall as /ä-ä-ä/, particularly over an area of consolidated or compressed lung above the effusion.
normal relaxed breathing
(anatomy) a long narrow slit or groove that divides an organ into lobes
tactile vibration felt in neck and over the upper thorax from the transmission of vocal sounds from the airways to the surface of the chest wall
coughing up blood
the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
spaces between the ribs; the first intercostal space is directly below the first rib, the second intercostal space is below the second rib, and so forth
very deep and rapid respirations
difficulty breathing unless in a sitting or standing position; not uncommon in severe cardiac and pulmonary disease
pigeon chest; flattening of thorax on either side with forward projection of sternum resembling keel of a boat
Funnel breast. Congenital condition in which the sternum is abnormally depressed
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
sudden gasping for air that occurs while sleeping at night
the quality imparted to voiced speech sounds by the action of the resonating chambers of the throat and mouth and nasal cavities
Same as respiratory excursion - measurement of difference between thumb placement (if your hands are on the client's back) when client inhales vs exhales
ABNORMAL SOUNDS HEARD WHEN THE AIRWAY IS OBSTRUCTED, A WHEEZE
rapid, shallow breathing pattern exceeding 20 breaths/min
ringing in the ears
Position characterized by a posture that is upright and leaning forward with the head and neck thrust forward; associated with respiratory distress.
low pitched, breezy sounding, soft, long inspiration and short expiration, auscultated over the peripheral lung fields
breathing with a husky or whistling sound
an increased loudness of whispering noted during auscultation with a stethoscope on the lung fields on a patient's back
maximum amount of air a person can exhale after taking the deepest breath possible