5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- low-input agriculture
- industrialized agriculture
- a Using large inputs of energy from fossil fuels (especially oil and natural gas), water, fertilizer, and pesticides to produce large quantities of crops and livestock for domestic and foreign sale. Compare subsistence farming.
- b A flowering plant that completes its entire life cycle in a single year or growing season.
- c agriculture that uses smaller amounts of pesticides, fertilizers, growth hormones, water and fossil fuel energy than are used in industrial agriculture.
- d the gradual transformation of habitable land into desert
- e shaping the land to create level shelves of earth to hold water and soil; requires extensive hand labor or expensive machinery, but it enables farmers to farm very steep hillsides
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil.
- Producing crops and livestock naturally by using organic fertilizer (manure, legumes, compost) and natural pest control (bugs that eat harmful bugs, plants that repel bugs, and environmental controls such as crop rotation) instead of using commercial inorganic fertilizers and synthetic pesticides and herbicides. See sustainable agriculture.
- plants, like rye, alfalfa or clover, that can be planted immediately after harvest to hold and protect the soil
- uses mostly human labor and draft animals to produce only enough crops or livestock for a farm family's survival
- Modern agricultural methods that require a large capita input and less land and labor than traditional methods. It uses large inputs of energy (from fossil fuels), mechanization, water, and agrochemicals (fertilizers and pesticides) to produce large crop and livestock yield.
5 True/False Questions
malnutrition → Too much food energy or excess nutrients to the degree of causing disease or increasing risk of disease; a form of malnutrition
bycatch → unwanted marine creatures that are caught in the nets while fishing for another species
rangeland → a deficiency of red blood cells
waterlogging → shaping the land to create level shelves of earth to hold water and soil; requires extensive hand labor or expensive machinery, but it enables farmers to farm very steep hillsides
agroforestry → the study of specific relationships of crops and farm animals to their enviroment and to each other