hh. chap 9

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Agricultural Revolution

A time when new inventions such as the seed drill and the steel plow made farming easier and faster. The production of food rose dramatically.

Industrial Revolution

the change from an agricultural to an industrial society and from home manufacturing to factory production, especially the one that took place in England from about 1750 to about 1850.

Turnpike

Privately built road that charges a fee to travelers who use it

Robert Owen

(1771-1858) British cotton manufacturer believed that humans would reveal their true natural goodness if they lived in a cooperative environment. Tested his theories at New Lanark, Scotland and New Harmony, Indiana, but failed

A. Darby

...

proletariat

a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages

J. Bentham

utilitairiest; believed in no government involvement, or Laissez-Faire.

Malthus

an English economist who argued that increases in population would outgrow increases in the means of subsistence (1766-1834)

Ricardo

A political economist. He thought up the "iron law of wages," (a supply-demand system with wages) which proposed that wages were kept just above subsistence level. Ricardo is important because he is considered to be a very influential classical economist.

Marx

founder of modern communism

Monet

French impressionist painter (1840-1926)

Pasteur

French chemist and biologist whose discovery that fermentation is caused by microorganisms resulted in the process of pasteurization (1822-1895)

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