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angi/o

vessel

aort/o

aorta

arter/o, arteri/o

artery

ather/o

yellowish plaque

atri/o

atrium

brachi/o

arm

cardi/o, coron/o

heart

cholester/o

cholesterol

cyan/o

blue

isch/o

blockage

myx/o

mucus

ox/o

oxygen

pericardi/o

pericardium

capn/o

carbon dioxide

phleb/o

vein

sphygm/o

pulse

steth/o

chest

thromb/o

clot

therm/o

heat

valvul/o, vas/o, vascul/o

vascular

ven/o, ven/i

vein

ventricul/o

ventricle

-constriction

narrowing

-crit

to separate

-dilation

widening, expanding, streching

-emia

blood condition

-megaly

enlargement

-sclerosis

hardening

peri-

surrounding

inter-

between

intra-

within

de-

lack of

ac-

pertaining to

apheresis

blood drawn, components removed, serum returned to body

epicardium

outer covering of heart

pericardium

Double walled membrane of heart, visceral and parietal layers with fluid between

myocardium

middle, thick layer of heart

endocardium

inner layer of heart

arteries

take oxygenated blood away from heart, to body

veins

bring deoxygenated blood toward heart

capillaries

smallest vessels, point of gas and nutrient exchange

lumen

inside of vessel, opening

patent

open lumen,

occluded

closed, blocked lumen

aneurysm

ballooning out of vessel wall

abdominal aortic aneurysm

AAA, in descending aorta, very common form of aneurysm

microaneurysm

aneurysm in brain

ateriosclerosis

hardening of arteries

peripheral arterial occlusive diease

PAD, blood blockages in arteries of arms and legs, plaque buildup

intermittent claudication

form of PAD, excessive pain from lack of oxygen in legs, pain comes and goes

raynaud's phenomenon

form of PAD, cold hands and feet, extremities change colors

chronic venous insufficiency

thickening ankles and discoloration

pitting

test, poke finger in ankle/skin and check if indentation remains

phlebitis

inflammation of vein

varicose veins

(singular = varix), swollen veins, backflow of blood, treat with compression stockings or sclerotherapy

sclerotherapy

harden vein and take out of body

thrombus

clots plants in vessel

thombotic occlusion

block in lumen, kills tissue

deep vein thrombosis

DVT, clot deep inside veins (legs), from sitting in one place for a long long time

embolus

something inserted like plaque, air or fat

leaflets

tissue that make up valves

systematic circulation

blood goes out to body systems

pulmonary circulation

blood to lungs, pick up oxygen

perfusion

when tissues receive oxygen

cyanosis

blue skin, extremities don't get enough oxygen

SVC

superior vena cava

IVC

inferior vena cava

tricuspid valve

between right atrium and ventricle

pulmonary valve

between right ventricle and pulmonary artery

mitral valve

between left atrium and ventricle

aortic valve

between left ventricle and aorta

diastole

heart relaxation

systole

heart contraction

auscultation

listening

palpation

to touch and feel

lub

close mitral and tricuspid valves

dub

close aortic and pulmonary valves

murmur

abnormal heart sound from improper valve closure

bruit

extra sound on auscultation, from venous or atrial origin

incompetent valves

backwash of blood in mitral valve

competent valves

valves that work properly

vegetations

growths on heart valves, result in RHD, make heart leak

Rheumatic Heart Disease

RHD, sequela of rheumatic fever

sinoatrial node

SA, pacemaker, impulse to start heartbeat

atrioventricular node

AV, sends excited impulse to bundle of his

asystole

absence of contraction

NSR

normal sinus rhythm, normal heartbeat

blood pressure

force of blood on arterial walls

sphygmomanometer

measures bp

dyscrasia

"bad mixing", high blood viscosity

ABGs

arterial blood gases

septicemia

blood poisoning

arrhythmia

abnormal rhythm

atrioventricular block

block between SA and AV nodes, results in bradycardia

palpitation

irregular, rapid heart beat

flutter

rapid, coordinated rhythm, 180-300 bpm

fibrilation

uncoordinated rapid heart beats, 300-500 bpm

SOB

shortness of breath

PAT

paroxysmal atrial tachycardia, abnormal fast heartbeat

ventricular tachycardia

fast ventricle

CAD

coronary artery disease, atherosclerosis,

ACS

acute coronary syndrome, unstable angina pectoris, heart attack

pnea

breathing

myocardial infarction

MI, heart attack

diaphrosis

sweating

CABG

coronary artery bypass grafting, take vessel from another body part and reroute

PCI

percutaneous coronary intervention, or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), balloon angioplasty

anastomosis

surgical union of two tubal structures

congestive heart failure

CHF, heart is unable to pump required amount of blood; from high bp, CAD; bring foot swelling, orthopnea, congestion in extremities

orthopnea

straight breathing, unable to lay straight because of too much fluid, need to take diuretics

CoA

Coarctation of Aorta, aorta narrows

PDA

Patent Ductus Arteriosus, ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth

ASD/VSD

Atrial/Ventricular Septal Defects, hole between chambers

tetralogy of Fallot

congenital, low oxygen in blood, lead to cyanosis

cath

catheter

LDL

Low Density Lipoprotein

BBB

Blood Brain Barrier

CVP

Central Venous Pressure

ICD

Implantable Cardioverter-Difibrilator

LVAD

Left Ventricular Assist Device, maintain heart pumping

MVP

Mitral Valve Prolapse, mitral valve cusps into atrium, regurgitation

sphygm/o

pulse

angioma

tumor composed of blood vessels

cardiac catheterization

put catheter in vessel and look around

crepitice

air in tissue

atheroma

deposit of plaque in arterial wall

infarct

lack of blood supply

aneurysm

ballooning of arterial wall

lymphangioma

benign tumor of abnormal lymphatic cells

antiarrhythmic

medication that controls irregular heartbeat

histologist

treats blood and blood forming tissue

hematocytopenia

deficiency of blood cells

lymphadenitis

inflammation of lymph glands

endocarditis

inflammation of inner heart lining, vegetations of mitral valve

dysrhythmia

abnormal variation in heart rhythm

thromboid aneurysm

bulging wall of artery as it expands around clot

cardiomyopathy

disorder of heart muscle

angina

suffocating chest pain associated with CAD

lymphangiogram

x-ray of lymphatic vessels

endarterectomy

excision of thickened interior part of artery to clear blockage from plaque or clot

thrombolytic therapy

medication to dissolve clots

arteriospasm

spasm of artery

arteriolitis

inflammation of arteriole

phleborrhaphy

suture of vein

trans

across

echocardiography

ultrasound assessment of heart

cardiovalvulitis

inflammation of heart and valves

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