How was Napoleon able to rise in the military?
He was seen as a hero after victories (example: conquering Italy while the Valois and Bourbons were unable to), while his defeats were never heard of (example: Egypt).
How was Abe Sieyes connected to the Coup of 1799?
He supported and encouraged Napoleon, thinking that if he could create Napoleon into a dictator, then he would be able to control him. But Napoleon could not be controlled.
Constitution of the Year VII created what which was seemingly "revolutionary"?
The consulate, made of three counsels; however, it was stated that "the decision of the first consul (the executive consul, headed by Napoleon) will suffice."
Napoleon allowed __________ with the Roman Catholic Church because of his view that--
Concordat; religious beliefs help create good morals.
How was the Concordat in keeping with the "revolutionary" ideals?
It created toleration and it maintained the lands taken from the Church during the revolution.
Code Napoleon was "revolutionary" with the preservation of what rights?
Religious toleration, "equality" of all citizens before the law, right of property, abolition of serfdom and feudalism, right of an individual to choose their own profession.
For whom did the Code Napoleon limit even more rights?
How is Napoleon's Reign a reflection of the old reign?
He created a new nobility, to help centralize France.
What were the four struggles under the Consulate?
Revolution by L'Overture in Haiti, the Louisiana Purchase with the US, fear of war, and the Bourbon assassination attempt.
What was the reaction by Napoleon to the assassination attempt?
He crowned himself emperor of the First French Empire, December of 1804.
The famous English Naval commander, ___________, defeated Napoleon's French and Spanish fleet in the battle of _________.
Napoleon destroys the Prussian and Austrian troops at the battle of _________, also called the _________________.
Austerlitz; Battle of Three Emporers
What was the treaty of Tilsit?
Alexander I of Russia realizes he can't compete with France, so he becomes their ally, making England on its own against France.
How does Napoleon see the Grand Empire?
It is conquering in the name of fraternity, the European countries should accept the republicanism, Concordat, and Code Napoleon offered to them.
What was the Continental System?
The blocking of British imports into Europe (anti-laissez-faire).
Why does the Continental System fail?
The mainland countries are codependent with England, ultimately Portugal rejects the Continental System; France had no navy to enforce the embargo.
During the Peninsular War with the Portuguese, the ________ War of Independence broke out. How does Napoleon react?
Spanish; He is surprised and caught off guard.
The Spanish War of Independence would lead to what?
The first continental defeat of Napoleon and the destruction of the Spanish and Portuguese stability.
Surprisingly, _______ and ______ began to oppose the Grand Empire because of nationalism.
Who announced that they would ignore the Continental System?
Because of the ______ ________ _______ of the Russians and the ______ ________ of Russia, the French ultimately lost (even though they won at Borodin and reached Moscow) because of a great number of deaths.
Scorched Earth Policy; cold winters
The _____ _______ inspired more wars of liberation.
After Napoleon lost the war against the sixth coalition, he was exiled to _____.
Why was Napoleon able to come back to France and take over leadership again?
The Bourbon Louis XVII, the new king, did not have much favor.
The _________ ________ ________ was the time period in which Napoleon tried to reestablish control.
One Hundred Days
What were the results of the Battle of Waterloo?
Napoleon was defeated by the great English army general Duke of Wellington and exiled to St. Helena.
What ends with the death of Napoleon?
The _______ __ ________ was held to restore the Balance of Power in Europe.
Congress of Vienna.