A French term meaning "wild beast" and descriptive of an artistic style characterized by the use of bright and intense expressionistic color schemes.
Movement in art between the world wars, based on presenting the irrational and attacking traditional artistic values.
a technique of visual expression in which scraps of paper having various textures are actually pasted to the picture surface to enrich or embellish areas
was the term Le Corbusier and Ozenfant chose for their painting style, which was a conscious rejection of much of what Cubism represented
The first phase of Cubism, developed jointly by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, in which the artists analyzed form from every possible vantage point to combine the various views into one pictorial whole.
A later phase of Cubism, in which paintings and drawings were constructed from objects and shapes cut from paper or other materials to represent parts of a subject, in order to engage the viewer with pictorial issues, such as figuration, realism, and abstraction.
Art style of the 1920s and 1930s based on modern materials and repetitive geometric patterns.
a 20th century movement of artists and writers (developing out of Dadaism) who used fantastic images and incongruous juxtapositions in order to represent unconscious thoughts and dreams
A textural transfer technique; the process of making rubbings with graphite or crayon on paper laid over a textured surface
A single pictorial composition made by juxtaposing or overlapping many pictures or designs of photographs
A German school of applied arts of the early twentieth-century. It's aim was to bring people working in architecture, modern technology, and the decorative arts together to learn from one another. The school developed a style that was spare, functional, and geometric. Designs for buildings, chairs, teapots, and many other objects are highly prized today, but when the school was active it was generally unpopular. It was closed by the Nazis, but its members, including Walter Gropius, spread its teachings throughout the world.
sculpture suspended in midair whose delicately balanced parts can be set in motion by air currents. invented by alexander calder
not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature
emphasizes the life of the mind and feelings rather than the realistic external details of everyday life
Frank Lloyd Wright
Considered America's greatest architect. Pioneered the concept that a building should blend into and harmonize with its surroundings rather than following classical designs.
Belgian surrealist painter, commercial artist, wallpaper designer, "Visual puns", The Human Condition, This is not a Pipe, Not to be Reproduced, etc.
Mexican painter; international popularity with self-portraits; was married to Diego Rivera; influenced by Rivera, shared his Communist views
Spanish painter, biomorphic abstraction, had his own visual language (symbolism), Person Throwing a Stone at a Bird, Woman in Front of the Sun
A Swiss artist who painted mainly in the twentieth century. Influenced by KandinskyHes is known for his whimsical, small-scale works that display a mastery of line, form, and subtle colors.
German Expressionist movement that focused on distortions of form, ragged outlines, and agitated brush strokes to provoke powerfully emotional works; started by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Name literally means "the bridge"
Work Progress Administration: Massive work relief program funded projects ranging from construction to acting; disbanded by FDR during WWII
1913 - The first art show in the U.S., organized by the Ashcan School. Was most Americans first exposure to European Impressionist and Post-Impressionist art, and caused a modernist revolution in American art.
A group of German expressionist painters. Included Kandinsky, Mark, Klee, and Munter.
Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939); Said that human behavior is irrational; behavior is the outcome of conflict between the id (irrational unconscious driven by sexual, aggressive, and pleasure-seeking desires) and ego (rationalizing conscious, what one can do) and superego (ingrained moral values, what one should do).
German political party joined by Adolf Hitler, emphasizing nationalism, racism, and war. When Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933, the Nazi Party became the only legal party and an instrument of Hitler's absolute rule.
architectural style characterized by long, sweeping ground lines, unconfined by abrupt limits of the wall, and which seemed to reach out towards and express the great flat-lands of the Mid-West
grew out of the war experiences of a group of German artists(George Grosz, Max Beckman, Otto Dix, Kathe Kollwitz, Wilhelm Lehmbruck, Ernst Barlach). depicted negative effects of war.
An African American painter who chronicled the experiences of the Great Migration north through art
Thomas Hart Benton
Led the regionalist school, which emphasized traditional American Values esp. those of the Rural Midwest and South.
One of Mexico's most celebrated 20th centry artists. He painted a series of historical murals in the National Palace in Mexico City. Socialist. Married to Frida Kahlo.
A twentieth-century American artist whose stark, precisely realistic paintings often convey a mood of solitude and isolation within common-place urban settings. Among his best-known works are Early Sunday Morning and Nighthawk.
Founder of modern art photography. Known for his exhibit 291. "The Steerage"
A twentieth-century Spanish-born painter, the most famous and influential of all modern artists. He was one of the originators of cubism, though in the course of his long career, he painted, drew, and sculpted in many other styles as well. Among his best-known works is the painting Guernica, which protests the savagery of war.
German Expressionist painter. Member of new objectivity. Painted "Night" --was a former soldier and saw that humans could be animals
1900-1925, german expressionist painter who was a member of new objectivity who did the humorous satirical drawing "fit for active service"
German expressionist who worked with doctor huspband in slums of Berlin. Saw poverty and sickness of wome and children during war times. Lost son and grandson in wars.
German artist turned machine gunner. took Nietzsche and the Bible with him to war. went to experience the worst possible experience. made grotesque and shocking art (even before the war). painted to rid himself of the war. Member of New Objectivity.
A twentieth-century American sculptor known especially for his mobiles.
an artistic movement in Italy around 1910 that tried to express the energy and values of the machine age. glorified war.
an abstractionist artistic movement in Russia after World War I 1913-32. Autonomous art rather than for a social purpose.
1920's. Envolved from Cubism, more visually understandable. Out of facination with machinery and its context in Americas development. Mono-Chromatic value changes.
Ahead of the times, especially in the arts
Dutch, "the style"; an artistic movement associated with a group of early 20th-century Dutch painters who used rectangular forms and primary colors in their works and who believed that art should have spiritual values and a social purpose.