Bones united by cartilage; no joint cavity is present.
The end of a long bone, attached to the shaft.
Pertaining to the chest.
Inflammation of the joints.
Pectoral (shoulder) gridle
Bones that attach the upper limbs to the axial skeleton; includes the clavicle and scapula.
System of interconnecting canals microscopic structure of adult compact bone; unit of bone; also called the Haversian system.
The outer projection of the spine of scapula; the highest point of the shoulder.
Bony protective encasement of the brain and the organs of hearing equilibrium; includes the facial bones. Also called the cranium.
Fibrous membranes at the angles of cranial bones that accommodate brain growth in the fetus and infant.
Chemical reaction in which electrons and energy are gained by molecule (often accompanied by gain of hydrogen ions) or oxygen is lost.
A slightly movable joint.
One of the five bones between the tarsus and the phalanges of the foot.
Freely movable joints.
The junction of two or more bones.
Examination by touch.
Cord of dense fibrous tissue attaching muscle to bone.
Large cells that resorb or break down bone matrix.
Cuplike cavity on lateral surface of the hip bone that recieves the femur.
One of the five bones of the palm of the hand.
Double-layered capsule composed of an outer fibrous capsule lined with synovial membrane; encloses the joint cavity of a synovial joint.
The bone of the finger or toe.
The 1st cervical vertebra; articulates with the occipital bone of the skull and the 2nd cervical vertebra (axis).
The lower portion of the back, just superior to the buttocks.
Mature bone cell.
Discs of fibrocartilage between vertebrea.
Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to axial skeleton.
Bones joined by fibrous tissue; no joint cavity is present.
Composite of two bones, scapula and clavicle, that attach the upper limb to the axial skeleton; also called pectoral girdle.
An immovable fibrous joint; with one exception, all bones of the skull are united by sutures.
(1) Basin-Shaped bony structure composed of the pelvic girdle, sacrum, and coccyx. (2) Expanded proximal portion of the ureter with in the kidney.
The junction of two or more bones.
Pelvic girdle (hip girdle)
Consist of the paired coxal bones that attach the lower limbs to the axial skeleton.
Pertaining to tears.
The bones of the skull. Vertebral column, thorax and sternum.
System of interconnecting canals microscopic structure of adult compact bone; unit of bone; see Osteon.
Freely movable joint exhibiting a joint cavity; also called a diathrosis.
Extremely small tubular passage of channel.
Bony thorax (thoracic cage)
Bones that form the framework of the thorax; includes sternum, ribs, and thoracic vertebrea.
Vertebral column (spine)
Formed of a number of individual bones called vertebrea and two composite bones (sacrum and coccyx).
Elongated shaft of a long bone.
Double layered connective tissue that covers and nourishes of the bone.
A small space, cavity, or depression; lacunea in bone cartilage are accupied by cells.
Increased softening of the bone resulting from gradual decrease in rate of bone formation.
Hole or opening in a bone or between body cavities.
(1) the 2nd cervical vertebra; has a vertical projection called the dens around which the atlas rotates; (2) the imaginary line about which a joint or structure revolves.
Glands that have ducts through which their secretions are carried to particular site.
The skin: composed of epidermal and dermal layers.
Inflammatory disease of the skin: infection of the sebaceous glands.
Layer of skin deep to the epedermis: composed of dense irregular tissue.
Sebaceous glands (oil glands)
Epidermal glands that produce an oily secrection called sebum.
Overzealous immune response to an otherwise harmelss antigen.
Lesions or erosion of the mucous membrane such as gastric ulcer of the stomach.
Epidermal gland that produces sweat.
life threatening: Pertaining to neoplasms that spread and lead to death, such as cancer.
Oily secretion of sebaceous glands.
Serous membrane lining the interior of the abdominal cavity covering the surfaces of abdominal organs.
Superficial layer of the skin: composed of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium.
Membranes that form the lining of body cavities open to the exterior (digestive, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive tracts.
Double-layered capsule composed of an outer fibrous capsule lined by synovial membrane: enclose the joint cavity of synovial joint.
An inflammation of the skin: nonspecific skin allergies.
See Sudorigerous gland.
Skin and its derivatives: provides the external protective covering of the body.
Membrane that lines a cavity without an opening to the outside of the body (except for joint cavities): serosa.
The less numerous type of sweat gland: produces a secretion containing water, salts, protein, and fatty acids.
Two-layered serous membrane that lines the thoracic cavity and covers the external surface of the lung.
Membrane that lines the capsule of a synovial joint.
clear, watery fluid secreted by cells of a serous membrane.
Water-soluble protein found in the epidermis, hair, and nails that makes those structures hard and water-repellent: precursor is the keratohyalin.
A cell that produces melinin.
(1) flat, scalelike: (2) pertaining to flat, thin cells that form the free surface of some epithelial tissues.
Dark pigment formed by cells called melancytes: imparts color to skin and hair.
Tiny, smooth muscle attached to hair follicles: cause of hair to stand upright when activated.
A sticky, thick fluid secreted by mucous glands and mucous membranes: Keeps the free surface of membranes moist.
Beneath the skin.