War side and peace side of the Standard of Ur
Ur (cont. Iraq), Sumerian. ca. 2600BCE Uses registers, heirarchy of scale, narrative. War is battlefield victory, soldiers present bond captives to kinglike superior figure. Peace side may be a victory celebration.
Ur (cont. Iraq), Neo-Sumarian, ca. 2100BCE it is a platform, and cannot be entered. It is merely to climb up to get to the temple, which no longer remains.
Stele with law code of Hammurabi
Babylonian, basalt, ca. 1780BC. The relief is in true profile (4 horns on headdress visible instead of existing 8), tentative exploration of foreshortening.
Anatolia (Turkey), limestone. ca. 1400 BCE. 7 foot tall lions guarded the main gateway at Boghazkoy.
from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin, Assyria, ca. 720-705 BCE. Winged, man-headed bulls served to ward off the king's enemies.
Ashurbanipal Hunting Lions
relief from the palace, Ninevah, Assyrian, ca. 645-640BCE. This scene of hunting and killing lions was thought of as a manly royal virtue on par with victory in warfare.