Infants & children have _____ absorption factor (on skin) than adults
Chronic inflammatory skin disorder associated with immune dysfunction of the skin, linked to fool allergies, asthma & hay fever.
If eczema appears before 2 years of age the cause is likely to be related to:
Common food allergies related to this are: eggs, milk, peanuts, wheat, soy & fish. Common irritants include wool, soaps & detergents, perfumes & cosmetics, chlorine, dust, sand & even cigarette smoke.
This presents as papules & vesicles that have ruptured & formed a yellow, crusty exudates on the skin. Normally found on cheeks, scalp, forehead, neck & trunk of body.
Emollients (eucerin), oral antihistamines (Benadryl) & topical hydrocortisone & oral corticosteroids are used to treat _____, if lesion becomes infected topical or oral antibiotics may be prescribed.
ALUMINUM ACETATE SOLUTION
Wet compressed soaked in ____ _____ ____ help remove crusts & decrease inflammation for children with eczema.
This affects Eczema, along with dry air during winter months.
Infestation with parasites (lice) that live on the outside of a human host. Lice found behind ears on back of scalp where female lays eggs (viable nits) that hatch within 8-10 days.
Pediculus corporis is what?
Phthirus pubis is crabs or what?
S & S of this is intense itching anywhere we have hair and viable nits (eggs) located on one side of the hair shaft. The saliva from the lice and the movement of the lice cause the itching.
this is an OTC med used to kill pediculosis (lice). Can also use a fine tooth comb dipped in vinegar to help remove stubborn nits & nit shells. Second treatment is applied in 7 days to ensure all nits are killed.
It is necessary to wash all bedding, towels & hair accessories in ____ water & dry them in a ____ dryer. Upholstered furniture should be vacuumed and bag discarded. Items that cannot be washed should be sealed in plastic bag for 2 weeks. This breaks the cycle of infestation by preventing any lice that hatch from finding a new host.
Lice can live up to 1 month on a host body, can only live ____hours off body on a fomite (ex hairbrush, comb, etc.)
Infestation caused by the mite Sarcoptes Scabiei. Lesions found mainly on hands & feet and in folds of skin. The mite burrows into epidermis & lays eggs, which hatch in 2-4 days & travel toward surface of skin where they mature & grow. Cycle can continue every 14-17 days.
Ova and feces from scabies mites come in contact with skin and cause irritation & ______.
S & S of this is Erythematous papules, vesicles & pustules. Pruritis present & more severe at night. Appear on face, head, neck, chest abdomen, waist, axillae, web of fingers, buttocks, intergluteal folds, palms of hands & soles. Lesions may appear is a thin gray burrow that ends with a vesicle (blister). Grayish red brown thread like burrows or lines that end with a black dot at end (that is the mite).
Medical treatment for scabies will be:_______. Leave lotion on for 8-12 hours before showering again. Treat all members if household at same time.
Superficial skin infection that appears on the face, hands, neck, or extremities, caused by streptococci or staphylococci
Infection of outer layers of the skin, caused by strep or staph. Enters body by bug bites or open lacerations. Highly infectious. More common in hot humid weather (summer months). Vesicle or Pustules surrounded by edema, & loosely adherent, honey yellow crust.'
diagnosis of this is made by inspecting & palpating the lesions for a honey-yellow-colored crust & exudates. WEAR GLOVES. Bacterial cultures may be obtained for diagnosis.
Treatment for this is: soak in warm water, scrub w/medicated soap to remove crust & apply topical bactericidal ointment (mupirocin or bacitracin) to lesion for 1 week. If no improvements, give oral antibiotic. Cover w/lose gauze (because is infectious)
Most common in children ages 3-10 years. Scalp fungus, hair becomes brittle & breaks off, leaving circular patches of scalp showing. Papules form around edges of ring & become scaly & red in color.
Fungal infection that creates a circular reddened patch on the skin with raised borders. Lesions can become scaly
TENEA PEDIA (aka athlete's foot)
Fungal infection that causes the skin between the toes and on the soles of the feet to become red, with deep scaly fissures that are painful and itchy
TINEA CRUIRIS (aka jock itch)
Fungal infection that causes the skin in the groin area to become red & scaly, with raised papules or vesicles forming a circular rash
Medical treatment of tinea ... is antifungal topical ointments, powders or sprays. OTC meds: Tinactin, Micatin, Lotrimin & Lamisil. If fungal infection is deep into skin, _____ or Sporonax may be prescribed.
Fungal infections may need to be treated how long?
Sebum (oil) & epithelial cells block hair follicles in the skin & cause comedones (whiteheads & blackheads), providing environment for propionibacterium acnes to grow, causing inflammation. This is called:
Retin A (tretinoin), adapalene (Differin) are used to tread mild cases. Antibiotics: doxycycline, erythromycin or tetracycline also used for three months. For more severe cases, isotretinoin (accutane) may be prescribed to treat this.
This is used to treat severe cases of Acne Vulgaris. Is a teratogenic so girls need to be tested for pregnancy before treatment and need to be put on two forms of contraception to prevent pregnancy while using this drug. Can also cause depression.
Scabies are _____ (what kind/category of bugs)