anatomy term quiz 3

66 terms by k_brammeier

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myel

spinal cord, bone marrow

Myelitis

1) inflammation of the bone marrow, 2) inflammation ofthe spinal cord

Myelocyte

large cell in red bone marrow from which leukocytes are derived

Myo

muscle

Myopathy

any disease of muscle marked clinically by focaler diffuse muscle weakness

Myositis

inflammation of muscle tissue, especially of voluntary muscles, caused by infecction, trauma, autoimmune, or parasitic infection

squamous

pertaining to or covered with scales, pertaining to having a flattened appearance

panosteitis

inflammation of an entire bone

pancytopenia

pronounced reduction in all of the cellular components and elements of blood

rrhag

1) rupture, 2) profuse discharge of fluid

Hemorrhage

blood loss, usually describes episodes of bleeding lasting more than a few minutes, and may be life threatening

Menorrhagia

condition of menstrual bleeding that is excessive in number of days, amount of blood lost, or both

Kaluretic

pertaining to the increased excretion of potassium in urine

Diuretic

1) agent that increases urine output, 2) pertaining to increase in urine output

Kaliuresis

excretion of potassium in the urine

Natriuresis

excretion of abnormal amounts of sodium in the urine

embol

to insert of plug in

Embolus

mass of undissolved matter present in blood or lymph vessel and that traveled to its present location by that blood or lymph that blocks the vessel

Embolism

sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus

Sigmoid

resembling the letter S

Nucleoid

shaped like or having the appearance of a nucleus

Myeloid

1) resembling a myelocyte, but not necessarily originating from bone marrow, 2) marrow- like medullary

Myoid

resembling muscle

Morphology

science of structure and form of organisms with out regard to function

Polymorphic

occuring in more than 1 form

Polymorphonuclear

possessing a mucleus which consists of several parts connected to one another by fine strands

Thrombus

blood clot

Thrombosis

presence of an intravascular blood clot, at its sit of formation, it may be life saving when it occurs in response to hemorrhagic event, or it could be life threatening

allo

other, different

drom

running or turning

auto

self, same

Antihemorrhagic

1) agent that prevents hemorrhage, 2) pertaining to the prevention of hemorrhage

Antinuclear

pertaining to reacting with or destroying the nucleus of a cell

Dromic

pertaining to the propagation of a nerve impulse along an axon in the normal direction

Prodromal

pertaining to the initial stage of a disease, the interval between the earliest symptoms and the appearance of a rash or fever

Allogenic

transplant in which tissue from one individual isgrafted into that of another genetically non-identical member of the same species

Alloplasia

the development of tissue at a location where that type of tissue would not normally occur

Autolysis

the digestion of cells by the cells' own enzymes

Autotrophic

pertaining to organisms (such as green plants and bacteria) which are capable of producing their own nutrients from inorganic compounds

Autosmia

awareness of the odor of one's own body

gen

agent which produces or forms, one that is produced

genic

generation or production

genous

produced by or generated in

genesis

the act of reproducing, generation, the origin of

chondrogenic

pertaining to the formation of cartilage

pathogenic

pertaining to an agent that produces disease

thrombogenic

pertaining to producing or tending to produce a blood clot

autogenous

self-producing, originating, from within the body

hematogenous

pertaining to or originating in the blood

pathogen

microorganism capable of producing a disease

antigen

protein marking on surface of cell which indentifies the cells as being 'self' or 'foreign'

histogenesis

origin and development of tissue

dysgenesis

defective or abnormal development, particularily in the embryo

hypogastrium

abdominal region immediately below the umbilicus, between the right and left inguinal regions

hypodermic

pertaining to under or inserted under the dermis of the skin (injection)

calcipenia

deficiency of calcium in the body tissues and fluids

hypervolemia

abnormal increase in volume of circulating blood

natri

sodium

poiesis

formation or production

mononucleosis

presence of an abnormally high number of mononuclear leukocytes in the blood

nucleophilic

pertaining to having an attration to the nuclei

enucleated

having no nucleas

erythropoiesis

formation of red blood cells

hematopoiesis

production and development of all blood cells, normally occuring in the bone marrow

hematopoietic

1) pertaining to the production and development of blood cells, 2) substance/agent that assists in or stimulates the production of blood cells

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