Donatism and Pelagianism
What heresy did St. Augustine of Milan refute?
What heresy claimed that Christ has two natures, divine and human, but also said the two natures are manifested, one will is divine?
What heresy rejected sacraments celebrated by the clergy who had formerly betrayed their faith?
What heresy denied Jesus' divinity claiming Jesus is neither God nor equal to the Father, but rather an exceptional creature raised to the level of "Son of God" because of his heroic fidelity to the Father's will and his sublime holiness?
What heresy denied original sin and the need for grace for man's salvation?
Which heresy said two individual natures of Christ, the human and divine, are joined in conjunction (synapheia) rather than hypostatic union?
What heresy denied the existence of a human mind and will in Christ?
What heresy claimed that there is only one nature in Christ and that the human nature is incorporated into the divine nature?
What heresy viewed the material world as less perfect than the world of ideas and therefore questioned the divinity of Jesus?
What heresy maintained that Jesus did not die on the cross but was spared by someone else who took his place?
What heresy claimed that Satan stole the light from the world only to hide it in the heads of people? This heresy insisted its followers live a strict ascetic life in order to free that stolen light from their brains.
At what council was the Arian heresy defeated?
Who did Athanasius write a biography of?
What heresy claimed to have a special knowledge of the end of the world as revealed to its founder by the Holy Spirit?
What is the idea of combining the power of secular government with, or making it superior to, the spiritual authority of the Christian Church?
What is the name for the movement of prayer where individuals separate themselves from the temptations of the world to seek God through prayer and fasting?
What heresy said Christ had only one nature and that nature was divine?
What heresy said Christ had only one will and that will was divine?
What heresy claimed that the God of the Old Testament and the New Testament were different gods and that the Old Testament God was really the evil demiurge?
True or False? Jesus is traditionally named Theotokos.
True or False? St. Augustine wrote a Latin edition of Scripture known as the Vulgate.
True or False? The study of heresy helps Catholics understand their belief.
True or False? People living in a state of material heresy have committed a mortal sin.
True or False? The decrees of an ecumenical council bind all Christians.
What woman doctor helped found Discalced Carmelites and wrote "The Interior Castle"?
Patron saint of Moms?
John of the Cross
Spanish mystic wrote "Dark Knight of the Soul"?
First monk to isolate himself in the wilderness?
Monk that popularized penance as adoration?
What monk authored a rule for monasticism that is widely followed?
Which monk founded the Order of the Preachers?
Bernard of Clairvaux's order?
Bruno's order (he founded them)?
John of the Cross and Teresa Avila's order?
Leo the Great
Wrote Tome that articulated Jesus did have two separate natures, human and divine?
Wrote Ecclesial History of the English Peoples
Pope who was a monothelite?
Cyril of Alexandria
Who came up with the term "hypostatic union" to explain Jesus' humanity and divinity?
Which Church Father fought the iconoclasm controversy of the 8th century?
Gregory of Nyssa
Church Father that defended the idea of the Theotokos?
Church Father that devoted much of his theological study to the topic of the Holy Spirit?
Basil the Great
Which Church Father authored the Divine Liturgy which greatly influenced the Eucharistic Prayer IV as in the use of the Roman Missal of the Catholic Church? Also the Father of Eastern Monasticism.
Church Father that marshaled the necessary orthodox forces to defeat the Arian heresy in the Church?
Which Church Father was known as "Golden Mouth" for his eloquent preaching and defense of the Church?
True or False: Bernard of Clairvaux preached the 1st Crusade.
True or False: Bruno tutored Pope Urban II
True or False: Thomas Merton wrote his spiritual autobiography called the 6 Story Mountain
True or False: Columbanus is a saint
True or False: Christian women were the first celibates
True or False: The word for marriage nuptials comes from the Latin word "neumes", meaning to cover up
True or False: The Nicene Creed was developed at the Council of Ephesus
True or False: St. Dominic popularized the devotion to the rosary
True or False: The Franciscans work as preachers led to the development of the office of the Inquisition.
Who wrote the Latin Vulgate?
The first translation of the entire Bible into a single, vernacular language
What is the Latin Vulgate?
: Who is St. Augustine's mother?
Who is the patron saint of storms?
Who is the Gnostic/material creator god?
Which heresy said that Jesus had a human body but a divine mind?
Which saint was known as the "Little Flower"?
The Mother of God
What is "Theotokos"?
Which Greek word means "of the same substance"?
Who was the most famous Manichae?
Bernard of Clairvoux
Who preached the 2nd Crusade?
Catherine of Siena
: Who convinced Gregory IX to move the papal capital from Avignon back to Rome?
Who fought Monolothelitism?
Which monk/pope fought the lay investiture crisis?
Who came up with lay association?
A heresy you willingly believe
A heresy you believe but only because of unknowing
Marcionism; Manichaeism; Montanism; Docetism
Gregory of Nyssa; Basil the Great; Gregory Nazianus
St. Paul of Thebes
hermit who lived in a cave for majority of his life
wrote the 1st rule of monastic life; hermits should live near eachother so that they can support eachother if something goes bad
St. Martin of Tours; St. Patrick
monks who organized abbeys to organize tribes - civilizing the barbarians
1) Civilize Barbarians 2) Chief Intellectual Centers 3) Source of spiritual strength
Role of Monasteries
you live + pray apart from society, but do it with other people