Unit 1: Pentateuch

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Hebrews

Christianity as faith rooted in history ("... in the past God spoke ... in these last days He has spoken by His Son ...")

Luke 24

Christianity as a redemptive faith ("repentance and forgiveness of sins shall be preached in my [Christ's] name to all nations")

I Corinthians 2

revelation of God brought by His Spirit

II Timothy 3

nature of Scripture as "God-breathed"

II Peter 1

nature of Scripture as coming "not by the prophets own interpretation but rather men spoke from God as carried by the Spirit"

John 1

another place where we see the idea of creation from nothing ("through Him all things were made; without Him nothing was made that has been made ...")

Psalm 8

another place where we see the idea of "image of God" ("... You made him (man) a little lower than the angels and crowned him with all glory and honor ... putting everything under his feet ....")

Psalm 33

God creating by the power of His Word and His Spirit ("By the Word of the LORD, the heavens were made, by the breath of His mouth all their host.")

Romans 5

Adam and Christ parallel as two great covenant representatives of humanity

Galatians 4

idea of Christ as "seed of the woman"

Colossians 2

idea that Christ in the cross is bruised but also that in this bruising He crushes the "principalities and powers" opposed to God and His rule

John 8

Abraham looked forward to the coming of Jesus' day

Hebrews 11

through faith Abraham when tested was willing to sacrifice his "only" son (the son of the promise") because Abraham considered God faithful and so knew that God could even raise the dead

Exodus 20

Ten Commandments

Leviticus 16

Day of Atonement

Galatians 3

Law does not annul Abrahamic covenant

Hebrews 10

Law a "shadow" or "type" of the good things to come in Christ

direct correspondence (literal)

where you have the most word for word style (KJV)

dynamic equivalence

phrase by phrase; tend to talk in phrases in a language (NIV)

paraphrase

the loosest style; uses most interpretive choice; still seeking to translate phrase by phrase, just bringing in more interpretation (Living Bible, The Message)

context

the idea that there is a definite relationship with God given over time, and we read them; Biblical faith has a historic faith

narrative, law, prophecy, poetry, wisdom

genres of Old Testament

endurance, public, commitment

why written revelation is important

berith

"covenant"; arose from a Hittite background; a binding relationship between 2 parties

Genesis

In the Beginning

Exodus

These are the names

Leviticus

And He called

Numbers

In the wilderness

Deuteronomy

These are the words

bara

create (Gen. 1); only ever has God as the subject when used; implies ex nihilo

fiat

Latin; idea of divine will/call; God calling creation into being

yaser

create (Gen. 1 & 2); more intimate term; used of both humans and God (God's nearness/closeness to what He has made)

transcendent

God is above and beyond what He has made

immanent

God is close to what He has made; He's personal & relates

almighty

Godly power; all power

glory

God's weight, worthiness

grace

His unmerited love, kindness, mercy

holiness

set apart

righteous

perfection, utter purity; what God will declare on sinners by grace through faith

sovereign

His being the all-reigning King; the One Who is in control

common grace

God's goodness that He brings to all humans/creation despite their unworthiness (rain, sun, etc.); a grace that is there; a preserving grace

sacrament

an outward and visible sign and seal of an inward and invisible grace

Abraham

father of multitude

Isaac

he laughs

Ishmael

God has heard

Israel

he strives with God/God strives with him

grace

God's goodness and mercy shown to the undeserved in a saving way (redemption)

faith

the way in which a person, hearing the Word, receives redemption - trust

Moses

drawn out

Yahweh

God's covenant name; "I AM"; speaks of covenant presence and covenant blessing; LORD

El/Elohim

generic Hebrew term for God; plural is used of one true God  denotes His majesty

Adonai

can be used for God or humans; honor, nobility; (can mean sir for humans); Lord

confirmation purpose of plagues

Israel will know He is the LORD; confirming message through Moses that the people are to leave Egypt

proclamation purpose of plagues

Egyptians will know He is the LORD; God alone is the one true God; did bring fruitfulness

redemptive significance of Passover

in initial..., people learn that provision of redemption is blood of the covenant, a substitutionary sacrifice

sacramental significance of Passover

sign and seal significance; repeat every year to remember that God brought them out of Egypt

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