# Identifying Phrases and Clauses

## 6 terms

Always starts with a subordinate conjunction (although, if, as until, since, because, when, before, after)
Contains a subject and a verb
Always describes the verb in the main part of the sentence
Answers questions: why, how, when under what condition
Can be located anywhere in the sentence

Always starts with a relative pronoun (who, whose, whom, which, where, or that
Contains a subject and a verb
describes a noun
Usually located immediately after the noun it describes

### Participial Phrase

Always starts with a verb ending in -ing or -ed
describes a noun or pronoun
can be a single word
some are irregular e.g. spoken, gone, worn,

### Prepositional Phrase

Always starts with a preposition (with, in, of, under, between, toward)
Always ends with a noun (object of the prep.)
does not have a subject and verb

### Appositive Phrase

Always describes a noun (think the = sign)
Always a noun phrase
often starts with A or THE
often located immediately after the noun it describes

### Absolute Phrase

Describes the whole sentence (not tied to a particular word)
Always a noun phrase
Often starts with a possessive pronoun (my, his, her, its, our, their)
Always can be made into a complete sentence by adding was or were