CPR

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What does CPR stand for?

Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation

What does the 3 C's stand for when coming on an accident?

Check, Call, Care

What are 3 things you give a dispatcher?

Your phone number, location, the situation

What law protects you from being sued?

Good Samaritan Law

What law requires you to stay at the scene until help arrives?

Law of Abandonment

What does flashing lights on a vehicle allow you to do?

Proceed with caution

What are the symptoms of heart attack? (4)

Pain in chest, shortness of breath, nausea/indigestion, sweating

When do you activate the EMS system?

When the victim is unresponsive

5 risk factors that you can control

smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, use of drugs/alcohol, high cholesterol

3 risk factors that you cant control

Age, hereditary, national origin

What are the 2 things you check in the first C?

Check the scene and the victim

What do you do when you can't get breaths into a person?

Re-tilt head and try again

What are 3 parts inside of the mouth that control breathing?

Epiglottis, trachea, esophagus

How far do you do compressions on an adult, child, and baby?

1 1/2-2'', 1-1 1/2'', 1/2''

What are the ratios of compressions to breaths on an adult, child, and baby?

30:2

What are 3 characteristics of a SIDS affected child?

Mother did drugs/alcohol, poor prenatal care, premature child

What are 3 times you may stop CPR?

When revived, trained help arrives, there is immediate danger

What are 2 agencies that teach CPR and which one am I taking?

American Red Cross, American Heart Association. American Red Cross

What are 3 things you can do for a person having a heart attack?

Tell them to stop what they're doing, give them aspirin, lay them on their right side, call 911

When applying an AED, what do you check on a person?

Metal, water, pulse, no one touching victim

What pulse do you check on a baby?

Brachial

What is the middle of the chest called? What is it made out of? What is the lower tip of the sternum called?

Sternum, cartilage and bone, xiphoid process

What is the international symbol for choking?

2 hands covering throat

What do you do after removing an obstruction from a choking person?

Advise them to go to the ER

What position is effective for CPR?

On their back, on a hard, flat surface

When do you do a finger sweep?

If an object is seen

What is the top reading of blood pressure called? Bottom? What is normal blood pressure? High?

Systolic, diastolic, 120/80, 140/90

You should be concerned with your cholesterol if it's over what number?

200

When blood flows to the vena cavity, where is it stored?

Right atrium

What are 2 functions of the tricuspid valve?

Holds blood, allows blood to flow in one direction only

Where does blood flow to and from the pulmonary vesicles?

The lungs

What part of the heart pumps blood to all parts of the body?

Aorta

What are 2 functions of the lungs?

Takes in O2 and puts out CO2, carries on transformation of exchange of gases

What blood vessels carry on the transformation of CO2?

Capillaries

What is the leading killer of babies under the age of 1?

SIDS

What is the leading killer of people aged 2-25?

Accidents

What is the leading killer of people aged 26-56?

Heart attack

What is the difference between heart attack and cardiac arrest?

Heart attack is when blood vessels that supply blood to the heart are blocked, preventing enough oxygen from getting to the heart, Cardiac arrest is when you stop breathing

What 3 things do you check after 2 breaths?

ABC- Airway, Bleeding, Circulation

How many pints of blood are in the human body?

12-16 pints

How many hands do you use for compressions on an adult, child, and baby?

2, 1, 2 fingers

What blood vessels carry CO2? O2?

Veins, arteries

How many thrusts and back blows do you do to a conscious choking person?

5 and 5

What solution of bleach do you use?

10% 1 part bleach 9 parts water

Which of the blood borne pathogens can you get a vaccine for if you're exposed to it?

Hepatitis B

What does implied consent mean?

If a person is unconscious or a small child is in trouble, you can help them

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