Most recently added department in Executive branch
Department of Homeland Security
Number of main departments in Executive branch
15 (Top: State, Treasury, Defense)
career government employee
Demographic make-up of bureaucrat
Representative of population, white, fewer minorities.
Original meaning of "bureaucracy"
French derivation; "the cloth covering the table," desk
rules and regulation, discretionary authority (administrative discretion)
Review of performance of an agency.
Who controls the bureaucracy?
President: derives power from executive branch; Congress: funds bureaucracy
Receiving job for being loyal to your party
Pendleton Act of...
1883; prohibited spoils system, enforced merit system; People now receive jobs because of merit and not of favor.
Hatch Act of...
1939; limited political activism in the bureaucracy (known to be independent; prohibited agency campaigning.